The order Antipatharia, black corals, is distributed from polar to tropical seas and from shallow coastal waters to the deep sea and contains over 280 species in seven families: Antipathidae, Aphanipathidea, Cladopathidae, Leiopathidae, Myriopathidae, Stylopathidae, and Schizopathide (Opresko, 1972, 2001, 2006).
First record of Lillipathes ritamariae Opresko and Breedy, 2010 (Cnidaria: Antipatharia) from the southeastern Pacific Ocean.
dichotoma, (Phylum Cnidaria; Order Antipatharia
; Family Antipathidae) which could be a source of bioactive agents for treatment of cancer.
For this study, the composite corals factor was composed of members of the orders Alcyonacea, Anthoathecata, Antipatharia
, and Scleractinia.
Species descriptions and ecological observations of black corals (Antipatharia
) from Trinidad.
The Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora bans the harvesting of Antipatharia
, which has 245 species in seven families.
Besides the stony corals, three other major groups of corals include species that thrive in cold water: true soft corals (Octocorallia), calcifying lace corals (Hydrozoa), and black corals (Antipatharia
Pontonides sympathes, a new species of commensal shrimp (Crustacea, Decapoda, Pontoniinae) from Antipatharia
in the Galapagos Islands.
Dennis Opresko (Antipatharia
and Paragorgiidae) and Dr.
The complete mitochondrial genome of the black coral Chrysopathes formosa (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia
) supports classification of antipatharians within the subclass Hexacorallia.
The order Antipatharia
(black corals) comprises approximately 200 recognized species.
Families and species of antipatharia
and scleractinia in Nazca and Salas y Gomez (Source: SeamountOnline, 2007, * Molodtsova, 2005).