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 (ăn-tĭs′thə-nēz′) 444?-371? bc.
Greek philosopher whose teachings were central to the founding of the Cynic school.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Biography) ?445–365 bc, Greek philosopher, founder of the Cynic school, who taught that the only good was virtue, won by self-control and independence from worldly needs
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ænˈtɪs θəˌniz)

444?–365? B.C., Greek philosopher: founder of the Cynic school.
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"Antisthene: Sophistique et cynisme." In Positions de la sophistique: Colloque de Cerisy, ed.
This suggests that the speech effectively reverses the traditional conceptions of the two heroes and pursues a line of reasoning that Gorgias' student Antisthenes had already represented Odysseus as taking in a set speech.
To demonstrate these techniques, I cull details from the following texts: Euripides' and Sophocles' versions of the Philoctetes; Gorgias' Palamedes and the Palamedes attributed to Alcidamas; and Antisthenes' Ajax and Odysseus.
Antisthenes is said to have regarded this chameleon style as an important definition of polutropos; Aristotle recommended it, although with some reservation, under the auspices of "suitability" [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] as a means of giving the impression of speaking the truth (Rhet.
Odysseus he re is represented as using his presence in battle to argue for his right to the arms, as he does in the pair of set speeches written by Antisthenes. The speeches may have been composed a little earlier than Sophocles' play, (44) which would mean that what was a powerful technique in the set speech (i.e., the claim of presence on the battlefield, which makes Odysseus look like Ajax, who was always there) turns up here instead as an abusive character representation that reflects the enmity of the interlocutor.
In two set speeches most often attributed to Antisthenes and dated toward the end of the fifth century (ca.
In Antisthenes' speech Odysseus picks up immediately on Ajax's characterization of himself as the sole defense of the Achaeans.