Antisthenes


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An·tis·the·nes

 (ăn-tĭs′thə-nēz′) 444?-371? bc.
Greek philosopher whose teachings were central to the founding of the Cynic school.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Antisthenes

(ænˈtɪsθəˌniːz)
n
(Biography) ?445–365 bc, Greek philosopher, founder of the Cynic school, who taught that the only good was virtue, won by self-control and independence from worldly needs
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

An•tis•the•nes

(ænˈtɪs θəˌniz)

n.
444?–365? B.C., Greek philosopher: founder of the Cynic school.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in classic literature ?
Such men, therefore, are not the object of law; for they are themselves a law: and it would be ridiculous in any one to endeavour to include them in the penalties of a law: for probably they might say what Antisthenes tells us the lions did to the hares when they demanded to be admitted to an equal share with them in the government.
Among their topics are the dialectical character of Antisthenes' speeches Ajax and Odysseus, crying for help: Socrates as Silenus in the Euthydemus, Xenophon's Socratic education in Memorabilia Book Four, fundamental parallels between Socrates' and Ischomachus' positions in the Oeconomicus, and political philosopher or savior of souls: Socrates in Themistius and Julian the Emperor.
Als er sich bereits zusammen mit den beiden und dem ihm befreundeten Nikeratos, dem Sohn des Strategen Nikias, (12) auf dem Weg zu seinem Hause im Piraeus befand und Sokrates samt seinen Begleitern Antisthenes, dem Sohn eines Atheners und einer Thrakerin, dem spateren Begrunder der kynischen Philosophie, (13) sowie Kritoboulos, dem Sohn des Kriton, (14) Hermogenes, (15) dem Bruder des Kallias (die zusammen mit Kriton zu dem Jungerkreis gehorten, der sich im Gefangnis bei dem zum Tode verurteilten und sterbenden Sokrates versammelte) (16) und Charmides, dem Sohn des Glaukon und Onkel Platons, (17) erblickte, liess er seine drei Begleiter zu seinem Haus fuhren, wahrend er selbst Sokrates samt seinem Gefolge zur Teilnahme an dem bevorstehenden Gastmahl einlud.
4.8-9; Athenaeus 13.589e8-f2 paraphrasing Antisthenes) and to have offered herself sexually to Pericles to effect her brother's return from exile (Athenaeus 13.589e8-f2; Plutarch, Per.
95), "so widespread that it is possible to view it as a paradigm of sophistical oratory," a veritable "set speech which students were asked to memorize and imitate." Other examples of fictional pieces that read like forensic orations are the Ajax and Odysseus of Antisthenes and the Odysseus of Pseudo-Alcidamas.
"Pay attention to your foes, for they are the first to discover your mistakes." -- Antisthenes
Among the local people there was Apollodorus, whom I mentioned, Critobulus and his father, also Hermogenes, Epigenes, Aeschines and Antisthenes. Ctesippus of Paeania was there, Menexenus and some others.
Cynicism has a long history that can be traced back to the philosopher Antisthenes in the 4th century B.C.
A quick glance through the A and B sections of the Index, for example, reveals references to Henry Adams, Aeschylus, Bagehot, Barbey d'Aurevilly, Kingsley Amis, Antisthenes the Cynic, Hannah Arendt, Gertrude Atherton, Letitia Baldridge, Balzac, Barres, Clive Bell, Hilaire Belloc, Aphra Ben, Saul Bellow, Ambrose Bierce, Louis de Bonald, William Buckley, Robert Bork, Bossuet, Ted Bundy, Jacob Burckhardt, Edmund Burke, and James Burnham.
The Sophists were routed under the Socratic attack, duly completed by Plato and Antisthenes. However the skeptics did not disappear and resurfaced at the demise of the Greek city state and in the upheaval thus caused went on a century or so later to occupy Plato's academy itself where they reigned for over a century.