antitoxin

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an·ti·tox·in

 (ăn′tē-tŏk′sĭn, ăn′tī-)
n.
1. An antibody formed in response to and capable of neutralizing a specific toxin of biological origin.
2. An animal or human serum containing antitoxins. It is used in medicine to prevent or treat diseases caused by the action of biological toxins, such as tetanus, botulism, and diphtheria.

antitoxin

(ˌæntɪˈtɒksɪn)
n
1. (Biochemistry) an antibody that neutralizes a toxin
2. (Medicine) blood serum that contains a specific antibody
ˌantiˈtoxic adj

an•ti•tox•in

(ˌæn tɪˈtɒk sɪn, ˌæn ti-)

n.
1. a substance formed in the body that counteracts a specific toxin.
2. the antibody formed in immunization with a given toxin, used in treating certain infectious diseases or in immunizing against them.
[1890–95]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antitoxin - an antibody that can neutralize a specific toxin
antibody - any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
antivenene, antivenin - an antitoxin that counteracts the effects of venom from the bite of a snake or insect or other animal
tetanus antitoxin - antitoxin given for short-term immunization against tetanus in cases of possible exposure to the tetanus bacillus
Translations

antitoxin

[ˈæntɪˈtɒksɪn] Nantitoxina f

antitoxin

[ˌæntɪˈtɒksɪn] nantitossina

an·ti·tox·in

n. antitoxina, anticuerpo que actúa como neutralizante de la sustancia tóxica introducida por un microorganismo;
bovine ______ bovina;
diphtheria ______ diftérica;
scarlet fever ______ de la escarlatina;
tetanus ______ tetánica.

antitoxin

n antitoxina
References in periodicals archive ?
At present, Kaketsuken produces a wide variety of plasma derivatives, vaccines for human use and for animal use and antitoxins, and conducts research and development for the development of new products including biotechnology products.
A lyophilized form of Anthim has the potential for longer shelf life and improved temperature stability in the field, as well as greater efficiencies in managing anthrax antitoxins in the SNS.
An added benefit is that unlike an antibiotic, the antitoxins needn't kill the bacilli.
As director of this laboratory, Smith undertook many practical and theoretical studies on the production of tetanus and diphtheria antitoxins.
Antitoxins usually consist of antibodies made by injecting a toxin into animals and allowing their immune system to respond.
Vaccines prevent illness by boosting the body's ability to make antibodies so the body recognizes and eliminates a bacteria or virus; with antitoxins, antibodies are injected directly into the body to neutralize the bacteria or virus.
Animal biologicals are vaccines, immunostimulants, allergens, bacterins, antibodies, antitoxins, toxoids, and antigenic or immunizing components of microorganisms, used in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Behring's discovery of diphtheria and tetanus antitoxins.
The report also includes industry definition, 5-year historical trends on industry sales, establishments and employment, a breakdown of establishments, sales and employment by employee size of establishment (9 categories), and estimates on up to 10 sub-industries, including vaccines, serums, plasmas, antitoxins, toxiods, blood fractions and culture media.
Under current guidelines, CDC recommends the use of anthrax antitoxins with antibiotics in cases where there is a high level of clinical suspicion for systemic anthrax.
Medical specialists can treat anthrax infection using antibiotics and antitoxins.
Neutralization depends mainly on having all the specific antitoxins against a, p, e and iota toxins.