antivenins


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

antivenins

Serums containing specific antibodies used to treat snakebite.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hematologic values and serum enzymes in horses inoculated with snake venoms for the production of antivenins in Costa Rica.
Four antivenins are commercially available for acute envenomation: black widow spider antivenin, Centruroides (scorpion) immune [F(ab').
But the antivenins we have available today can not only help avoid long-term damage from the snake venom, but they can also prevent the need for more invasive medical treatment," said Adam W.
Toxin-induced anaphylaxis may occur with antivenins, foods, insect stings, antibiotics and vaccines.
The text concludes with recommendations and algorithms of treatments and lists of all antivenins produced in the world and antivenomous plants with their therapeutic properties.
Therapeutic antivenins can be costly--and they require refrigeration, which isn't reliably available in the developing world.
Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with commercially available antivenins for acute envenomations, and human reports on their use in pregnancy are rare or completely absent.
Product classes to remain at the CBER included allergen patch tests; allergenics; antitoxins, antivenins, and venoms; in vitro diagnostics; vaccines; toxoids and toxins for immunization; blood, blood components, and related products; products composed of human or animal cells or from physical parts of those cells; and viral-vectored gene insertions.