According to James Gunnerson, some late pre-historical period archeological sites dating to the 1525-1730periodinpartsofthe Southern Plains are believed to be Apachean
, probably exclusively bison hunting people, and some even earlier more northern sites partly horticultural .
The wartime slant of Utley's writing as a result emphasizes a dogged narrative of violence and potentially reinforces the Geronimo stereotype Utley seeks to dispel: Geronimo as the Everyman Apachean
2003 "Alberta, Athapaskans and Apachean
origins", Archaeology in Alberta: a view from the new millennium, pp.
performed over her," probably some form of adoption that established her subordination within the Apachean
Indeed, a decisive factor leading to slow, fundamental changes in Navajo culture has been the major differences among incoming Apachean
, Pueblo, Spanish, and now Anglo economic systems.
In his long-overdue text, Loco: Apache Peacemaker, Bud Shapard turns our focus away from the resistant warriors and imprisoned victims of earlier writings and, using Chief Loco as a counternarrative, offers a necessary window into the Apachean
third-way: Loco's Warm Springs Apache as agents of peaceful Indigenous resistance through political diplomacy and philosophical cosmopolitanism.
The so-called fourth person in Navajo (and other Apachean
languages) is sometimes referred to as "obviative" (Klaiman 1991: 180).
In the late nineteenth century virtually the only individuals competent to perform translations from Apachean
languages to Spanish were Mexicans who as children had been captured and raised by Apaches.
Evidence of early Apachean
influence on Tewa--a grammatical marker of possession--gives an insight into earlier Tewa-Apachean
relations not so acrimonious as those after the Spanish presence disturbed intertribal affiliations.
Most certainly, it is an important contribution to Apachean
studies and to the understanding of contemporary Native American issues.
In addition to these styles, Navajo rock art is discussed in the northwestern New Mexico chapter; the southern New Mexico chapter discusses Apachean
ritual drama, the principal object of the author's fieldwork, has received comparatively scant attention when compared with the extraordinary wealth of written sources on Navajo and Pueblo ceremonialism.