Cultural objects will represent the lifeways of the different Apachean
groups in New Mexico and Arizona.
The wartime slant of Utley's writing as a result emphasizes a dogged narrative of violence and potentially reinforces the Geronimo stereotype Utley seeks to dispel: Geronimo as the Everyman Apachean
2003 "Alberta, Athapaskans and Apachean
origins", Archaeology in Alberta: a view from the new millennium, pp.256-281, edited by J.W.
The northern branch of Athabascan, to which the Central Alaskan languages belong, is related to geographically separate branches, Pacific Coast Athabascan (e.g., Hupa, Tolowa) and Apachean
(e.g., Navajo, Apache).
performed over her," probably some form of adoption that established her subordination within the Apachean
Indeed, a decisive factor leading to slow, fundamental changes in Navajo culture has been the major differences among incoming Apachean
, Pueblo, Spanish, and now Anglo economic systems.
In his long-overdue text, Loco: Apache Peacemaker, Bud Shapard turns our focus away from the resistant warriors and imprisoned victims of earlier writings and, using Chief Loco as a counternarrative, offers a necessary window into the Apachean
third-way: Loco's Warm Springs Apache as agents of peaceful Indigenous resistance through political diplomacy and philosophical cosmopolitanism.
(16.) The so-called fourth person in Navajo (and other Apachean
languages) is sometimes referred to as "obviative" (Klaiman 1991: 180).
According to James Gunnerson, some late pre-historical period archeological sites dating to the 1525-1730periodinpartsofthe Southern Plains are believed to be Apachean
, probably exclusively bison hunting people, and some even earlier more northern sites partly horticultural .
In the late nineteenth century virtually the only individuals competent to perform translations from Apachean
languages to Spanish were Mexicans who as children had been captured and raised by Apaches.
Archaeology in the Uplands of Southern Arizona." In The Apache Presence in the Borderlands of the American Southwest, edited by David L.
Evidence of early Apachean
influence on Tewa--a grammatical marker of possession--gives an insight into earlier Tewa-Apachean relations not so acrimonious as those after the Spanish presence disturbed intertribal affiliations.