Less identities was found with reptiles, fish, amphibians, worms, and mollusks; lizard; Anolis carolinensis (67%), zebra fish Danio rerio (61%), frog; annelid; Helobdella robusta (51%), mollusk; Aplysia
californica (50%), and mussel; Mytilus galloprovincialis (49%).
In molluscs, there are many pieces of evidence of neurosecretory activity--for example, in the central ganglia of the sea hare Aplysia
oculifera and the sea snail Neptunea arthritica, three and four types of neurosecretory cells, respectively, were characterized (Yahata & Takahashi 1972, Sleem 2003).
q] from the sea hare Aplysia
californica (Cummins et al.
Patiria miniata, several species of Pisaster sea stars, Aplysia
californica, Astropecten armatus, and Kelletia kelletii were observed most often.
N X S X Anthozoa Ptilosarcus gumeyi N X (Sea Pen) S X Metridium farcimen O X X (White Plume Anemone) Mollusca Gastropoda Subclass: N X Opisthobranchia S X X (nudibranch) O X Nassarius mendicus N X X (snail) S O Aplysia
showed that autapse can cause persistent activity in B31/B32 neurons of Aplysia
Webster and her team used muscles from Aplysia
californica, a sea slug also known as the Californian sea hare.
Inhibitor of protein synthesis blocks longterm behavioral sensitization in the isolated gill withdrawal reflex of Aplysia
He won the Nobel Prize in 2000 for studying the Aplysia
, a very simple sea slug, and discovering that when it "learned" something, like fear, it created new neurons.
Longterm sensitization training in Aplysia
leads to an increase in the expression of BiP, the major protein chaperon of the ER.
The neurotransmitive role of D-Asp has also been proven by its presence in synaptic vesicle in Aplysia
Byrne and his collaborators focused their experiments on the feeding behavior of Aplysia