apoplast


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apoplast

(ˈæpəˌplæst)
n
(Botany) botany the nonprotoplasmic component of a plant, including the cell walls and intercellular material
References in periodicals archive ?
Further studies revealed that the phenomena is due to the release of hydrogen peroxide in the apoplast, oxidases in Plasma membrane, oxalate oxidases and peroxidases in cell wall (Rea et al.
The hyphae then invade the leaf apoplast via open stomata or wounds.
It has been reported that foliar applied K stimulates the export of sugars from phloem (phloem unloading) into the apoplast (Doman and Gieger, 1979).
These mechanisms lead to acidification of the apoplast and the activation of cell wall degrading exo-enzymes, making it more susceptible to the vacuolar turgor pressure and consequently, to cell elongation.
Effects of Salicylic Acid and Cold Treatments on Protein Levels and on the Activities of Antioxidants Enzymes in the Apoplast of Winter Wheat Leaves', Phytochemistry, 67: 710-15.
syringae use the TTSS to inject proteins into plant cells, this is essential to multiply in apoplast and to promote the development of disease symptoms (9).
Cell walls and intercellular spaces, the so-called apoplast, are the first compartments of the root that contact with the potentially toxic Al species present in the soil solution (POSCHENRIEDER et al.
Popova, Effects of Salicylic Acid and Cold Treatment on Protein Levels and on the Activities of Antioxidant Enzymes in the Apoplast of Winter Wheat Leaves, Phytochem.
36] reported that Al accumulation in the beans primarily and predominantly occurred in the root apoplast (30-90 % of the total absorbed Al) of peripheral cells, and is only very slowly translocated to more central tissues [37].