The Apostolic Constitutions
(circa 380) emphasize that women deacons do not exercise the same liturgical roles as presbyters and bishops, but they are ordained by the bishop with the laying on of hands.
(This essay establishes the rationale for the publication of the text of the intervention.) Vagaggini's scholarship is sound: he marshals evidence on the role of deaconesses from church orders (Didascalia and Apostolic Constitutions
), the late fourth-century writings of Epiphanius of Salamis, and the Byzantine rite of ordination from the earliest extant euchological evidence of Constantinopolitan provenance.
(20) Furthermore, Whiston was not provided with an avenue for public debate with those opposed to his desire to publish his works on the primitive faith, the Apostolic Constitutions
, and the Ignatian letters.
The likely ritual for the Orthodox Church of Greece is derived from the Apostolic Constitutions
(33) and contains a ritual deep in the history of the Catholic Church as well.
(61) This location, adjacent to the northern women's aisle (the gynaeceum (62)) on the ground floor, indicates that their duties included general oversight or management of the gynaeceum, just as the Apostolic Constitutions
prescribed for deaconesses in the early church.
Citing ancient texts of ordination rituals, including the Apostolic Constitutions
, he says, "A study of the documents shows that in the church in the East, centuries before it split with the West, both men and women were admitted to the diaconate through a precisely equivalent sacramental ordination."
Entirely ignoring the late date of the Ethiopian anaphora, Mazza discusses the possible relationship implied, and concludes that it is best explained by a common use of another source.(6) Drawing on previous arguments earlier in his book, he sees a clear link between Sarapion, Deir Balyzeh, Apostolic Constitutions
7.25.3 and the Didache itself.
"Even where women deacons are ordained by laying on hands and epiklesis [an invocation of the Holy Spirit] analogous to the ordination of men deacons as in the Apostolic Constitutions
and above all in the later Byzantine rite, the historical findings do not allow one to speak of the two ordinations as the same," Menke quoted Jorissen.
Here I discuss the Apostolic Constitutions
, Gregory of Elvira, and Nilus of Ancyra.
Coptic Apostolic Constitutions
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Thus it is not surprising that Tim Perry, an evangelical theologian at Providence College in Otterburne, Manitoba, Canada, should produce an "evangelical assessment" of John Paul's pontificate with 14 essays examining his encyclicals and apostolic constitutions
. Clark Pinnock's essay on Dominum et vivificantem is a wonderful appreciation of John Paul's theology of the Spirit guiding the evolutionary process, overcoming the dualism frequent in evangelical theology between "materialistic evolution and young-earth creationism" (88).
Describing the claim that John Paul was a pope of gestures, Boccardo used the Italian word stupidaggine, which roughly translates as "idiocy." Archbishop Boccardo, of course, knows better than most that John Paul was indeed a master of symbolism, but his point was that John Paul also delivered some meaty words--14 encyclicals, 15 apostolic exhortations and 11 apostolic constitutions
, for example, to say nothing of thousands of speeches during 105 foreign trips.