# statistics

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## sta·tis·tics

(stə-tĭs′tĭks)*n.*

**1.**

*(used with a sing. verb)*The mathematics of the collection, organization, and interpretation of numerical data, especially the analysis of population characteristics by inference from sampling.

**2.**

*(used with a pl. verb)*Numerical data.

[From German Statistik,

*political science*, from New Latin statisticus,*of state affairs*, from Italian statista,*person skilled in statecraft*, from stato,*state*, from Old Italian, from Latin status,*position, form of government*; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## statistics

(stəˈtɪstɪks)*n*

**1.**(Statistics) (

*functioning as plural*) quantitative data on any subject, esp data comparing the distribution of some quantity for different subclasses of the population: statistics for earnings by different age groups.

**2.**(Statistics) (

*functioning as singular*)

**a.**the classification and interpretation of such data in accordance with probability theory and the application of methods such as hypothesis testing to them

**b.**the mathematical study of the theoretical nature of such distributions and tests. See also descriptive statistics, statistical inference

[C18 (originally 'science dealing with facts of a state'): via German

*Statistik*, from New Latin*statisticus*concerning state affairs, from Latin*status*state]Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

## sta•tis•tics

(stəˈtɪs tɪks)*n.*

**1.**(

*used with a sing. v.*) the science that deals with the collection, analysis, and interpretation of numerical data, often using probability theory.

**2.**(

*used with a pl. v.*) the data themselves.

[1780–90; orig., a branch of political science dealing with the collection of data relevant to a state < German Statistik]

Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

## sta·tis·tics

(stə-tĭs′tĭks)**1.**

*(Used with a singular verb)*The branch of mathematics that deals with the collection, organization, analysis, and interpretation of numerical data. Statistics is especially useful in drawing general conclusions about a set of data from a sample of it.

**2.**

*(Used with a plural verb)*Numerical data used in drawing general conclusions from a sample of it.

The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## statistics

–**statistical**

**1.**

**'statistics'**

**Statistics** are facts consisting of numbers, obtained from analysing information.

*According to official*

__statistics__, 39 million Americans had no health insurance.*The government will publish new unemployment*

__statistics__this week.When **statistics** is used with this meaning, it is a plural noun. You use the plural form of a verb with it.

*The statistics*

__are__taken from United Nations sources.*Statistics*

__do__n't necessarily prove anything.**Statistics** is also the branch of mathematics dealing with these facts.

*She is a Professor of*

__Statistics__.When you use **statistics** with this meaning, it is an uncountable noun. You use a singular form of a verb with it.

*Statistics*

__has__never been taught here before.**2.**

**'statistical'**

Don't use 'statistic' as an adjective to mean 'relating to statistics'. Use **statistical**.

__Statistical__techniques are used to analyse the data.*The report contains a lot of*

__statistical__information.Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonyms

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Noun | 1. | statistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameterssampling - (statistics) the selection of a suitable sample for study distribution, statistical distribution - (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence centile, percentile - (statistics) any of the 99 numbered points that divide an ordered set of scores into 100 parts each of which contains one-hundredth of the total decile - (statistics) any of nine points that divided a distribution of ranked scores into equal intervals where each interval contains one-tenth of the scores quartile - (statistics) any of three points that divide an ordered distribution into four parts each containing one quarter of the scores cross section - a sample meant to be representative of a whole population grab sample - a single sample or measurement taken at a specific time or over as short a period as feasible random sample - a sample grabbed at random experimental variable, independent variable - (statistics) a variable whose values are independent of changes in the values of other variables degree of freedom - (statistics) an unrestricted variable in a frequency distribution dependent variable - (statistics) a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value depends on the independent variable; "if f(x)=y, y is the dependent variable" predictor variable - a variable that can be used to predict the value of another variable (as in statistical regression) Bernoulli's law, law of large numbers - (statistics) law stating that a large number of items taken at random from a population will (on the average) have the population statistics Bayes' theorem - (statistics) a theorem describing how the conditional probability of a set of possible causes for a given observed event can be computed from knowledge of the probability of each cause and the conditional probability of the outcome of each cause Bayes' postulate - (statistics) the difficulty of applying Bayes' theorem is that the probabilities of the different causes are seldom known, in which case it may be postulated that they are all equal (sometimes known as postulating the equidistribution of ignorance) applied math, applied mathematics - the branches of mathematics that are involved in the study of the physical or biological or sociological world statistical method, statistical procedure - a method of analyzing or representing statistical data; a procedure for calculating a statistic least squares, method of least squares - a method of fitting a curve to data points so as to minimize the sum of the squares of the distances of the points from the curve multivariate analysis - a generic term for any statistical technique used to analyze data from more than one variable statistic - a datum that can be represented numerically average, norm - a statistic describing the location of a distribution; "it set the norm for American homes" demographic - a statistic characterizing human populations (or segments of human populations broken down by age or sex or income etc.) deviation - the difference between an observed value and the expected value of a variable or function moment - the n-th moment of a distribution is the expected value of the n-th power of the deviations from a fixed value distribution free statistic, nonparametric statistic - a statistic computed without knowledge of the form or the parameters of the distribution from which observations are drawn parametric statistic - any statistic computed by procedures that assume the data were drawn from a particular distribution outlier - an extreme deviation from the mean mean deviation, mean deviation from the mean - the arithmetic mean of the absolute values of deviations from the mean of a distribution modal value, mode - the most frequent value of a random variable median, median value - the value below which 50% of the cases fall mean, mean value - an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n arithmetic mean, expected value, first moment, expectation - the sum of the values of a random variable divided by the number of values geometric mean - the mean of n numbers expressed as the n-th root of their product harmonic mean - the mean of n numbers expressed as the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of the reciprocals of the numbers second moment - the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from the point of origin variance - the second moment around the mean; the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from its mean value standard deviation - the square root of the variance covariance - (statistics) the mean value of the product of the deviations of two variates from their respective means |

Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

## statistics

*plural noun*

**Quotations**

"There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics" [Benjamin Disraeli]

"He uses statistics like a drunken man uses lamp-posts - for support rather than illumination" [Andrew Lang]

Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

Translations

**statistika**

**statistické údaje**

**statistik**

**tilasto**

**tilastotiede**

**statistika**

**statisztika**

**statisztikai adatok**

**tölfræîi**

**tölfræîilegar upplÿsingar**

**統計**

**통계학**

**statistika**

**statistikos duomenys**

**statistikos specialistas**

**statistinis**

**statistiškai**

**statistika**

**štatistické údaje**

**štatistika**

**statistika**

**statistik**

**สถิติ**

**số liệu thống kê**

## statistics

[stəˈtɪstɪks]Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

## statistics

Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

## statistics

(stəˈtistiks)*noun plural*

figures giving information about something. There were 900 deaths and 20,000 injuries on the roads last year, but the statistics for the previous year were worse.

*noun singular*

the study of such figures.

**staˈtistical**

*adjective*

**staˈtistically**

*adverb*

**statistician**(stӕtiˈstiʃən)

*noun*

a person who is an expert in statistics.

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

## statistics

→ إِحْصَائِيَّات statistika statistik Statistik στατιστικές estadística tilasto statistiques statistika statistica 統計 통계학 statistiek statistikk statystyka estatística статистика statistik สถิติ istatistik số liệu thống kê 统计数据Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

## sta·tis·tics

*n.*estadística.

English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012