Arab Republic of Egypt
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|Noun||1.||Arab Republic of Egypt - a republic in northeastern Africa known as the United Arab Republic until 1971; site of an ancient civilization that flourished from 2600 to 30 BC|
Al Alamayn, Battle of El Alamein, El Alamein - a pitched battle in World War II (1942) resulting in a decisive Allied victory by British troops under Montgomery over German troops under Rommel
al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya, Islamic Group - a terrorist organization of militant Islamists organized into tiny cells of extreme fundamentalists; emerged during the 1970s mainly in Egyptian jails; "al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya uses force to push Egyptian society toward Islamic rule"
al-Jihad, Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Vanguards of Conquest, Islamic Jihad - an Islamic extremist group active since the late 1970s; seeks to overthrow the Egyptian government and replace it with an Islamic state; works in small underground cells; "the original Jihad was responsible for the assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981"
Arab League - an international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperation
OPEC, Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries - an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Lower Egypt - one of the two main administrative districts of Egypt; consists of the Nile delta
Upper Egypt - one of the two main administrative districts of Egypt; extends south from Cairo to Sudan
El Iskandriyah, Alexandria - the chief port of Egypt; located on the western edge of the Nile delta on the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Alexander the Great; the capital of ancient Egypt
Assouan, Assuan, Aswan - an ancient city on the Nile in Egypt; two dams across the Nile have been built nearby
Al Qahira, capital of Egypt, Egyptian capital, El Qahira, Cairo - the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa; a major port just to the south of the Nile delta; formerly the home of the Pharaohs
El Alamein - a village to the west of Alexandria on the northern coast of Egypt; the scene of a decisive Allied victory over the Germans in 1942
El Giza, Giza, Gizeh - an ancient Egyptian city on the west bank of the Nile opposite Cairo; site of three Great Pyramids and the Sphinx
Memphis - an ancient city of Egypt on the Nile (south of Cairo)
El-Aksur, Luxor - a city in central Egypt on the east bank of the Nile that is a center for visitors to the ruins of and around Thebes
Thebes - an ancient Egyptian city on the Nile River that flourished from the 22nd century BC to the 18th century BC; today the archeological remains include many splendid temples and tombs
Suez - a city in northeastern Egypt at the head of the Gulf of Suez and at the southern end of the Suez Canal
Suez Canal - a ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea
Libyan Desert - the northeastern part of the Sahara Desert in Libya and Egypt and Sudan
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Nile, Nile River - the world's longest river (4150 miles); flows northward through eastern Africa into the Mediterranean; the Nile River valley in Egypt was the site of the world's first great civilization
Egyptian - a native or inhabitant of Egypt
Arabische Republik Ägypten