Goliath was the Philistine whom David of Bethlehem, the eventual second king of Israel and Judah, famously defeated in single combat (1 Samuel: 17.) Together with Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod and Ekron, Gath was one of the five Philistine cities until its fall in 830 BCE at the hands of the Aramean
These jars date back to the reign of Egyptian Pharaoh Narmer (roughly 3000 BCE), to Aramean
King Hazael (800 BCE) and to Prophet Nehemiah (400 BCE) who, according to the bible, governed Judea under Persian rule.
This reflects the wider, ongoing fusion of cultures that occurred throughout this phase in Near Eastern history; with a world in flux, over time, what was Aramean
or Neo-Hittite became blurred.
One might hope that our hierarchy who call themselves the only authentic teachers would remember the words: "A wandering Aramean
was my father ...
Christians and Muslims should remember Jesus and Muhammed were both refugees, and Jews annually recite, "My father was a wandering Aramean
" referring to the patriarch Jacob, and Sikhs remember their flight to jungles when persecuted 300 years ago.
The site, which was home to a village called Abil al-Qamh, was situated between three regional powers: the Aramean
kingdom based in Damascus to the east, the Phoenician city of Tyre to the west, and the Israelite kingdom, with its capital in Samaria to the south.
"A wandering (2) Aramean
was my father, he went down to Egypt and sojourned there, he and just a handful of his brothers at first, but soon they became a great nation, mighty and many" (Deut 26:5).
The people who remembered "My father was a wandering Aramean
Most of them updated from presentations at an October 2014 workshop in Leipzig, 12 papers explore Aramean
cultures and their impact on their neighbors in Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia, and Egypt during the first millennium BCE.
After Elisha miraculously healed the Aramean
general Naaman of his leprosy, the latter offered Elisha a tribute, which he graciously declined.
The first biblical confession of faith begins thus: ""A wandering Aramean
was my ancestor; he went down into Egypt and lived there as an alien, few in number, ...
He tells Executive that his vision for Beit Beirut is to have it document and represent every part of the city's past and every civilization that touched the territory, exhibiting official documents and collections of photographs -- "every piece of paper from the history of Beirut." Moreover, the museum shall be a place for collaborative studies of the civilizations that share its history, such as Canaanite, Phoenician and Aramean
cultures, and a presentation hub through its auditorium and future programs.