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 (ăr′ô-kā′nē-ən) also A·rau·can (ə-rô′kən)
1. A language family of south-central Chile and the western pampas of Argentina that includes Mapuche.
2. A member of a people speaking an Araucanian language.

[Spanish araucano, Araucanian person, Mapuche, from Arauco, a former region of southern Chile.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Languages) a South American Indian language; thought to be an isolated branch of the Penutian phylum, spoken in Chile and W Argentina
2. (Peoples) a member of the people who speak this language
3. (Languages) of or relating to this people or their language
4. (Peoples) of or relating to this people or their language
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌær ɔˈkeɪ ni ən)

1. a member of an American Indian people of S central Chile and adjacent areas of Argentina.
2. the language of the Araucanians.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Le chamanisme araucan. En Religions et Magies Indiennes d'Amerique du Sud, editado por Alfred Metraux, pp.
(La Centaine d'amour 75) Contrairement a Cendrars, la patagonie n'est pas un simple horizon imaginaire pour Neruda, qui revendique hautement ses racines dans le pays araucan et designe comme ses "peres de pierres" les Indiens qui peuplaient autrefois la pointe Sud du continent, peuple fier de guerriers qui avaient capture et tue le conquistador pedro de Valdivia, et lui avaient mange le coeur.
Both giant ground sloths and glyptodonts disappeared after the last Ice Age about 10,000 years ago, but the Tehuelche mad Araucan indigenous peoples of Patagonia still speak of them in their legends.