Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Araucanian: Araucanian language, Araucanos


 (ăr′ô-kā′nē-ən) also A·rau·can (ə-rô′kən)
1. A language family of south-central Chile and the western pampas of Argentina that includes Mapuche.
2. A member of a people speaking an Araucanian language.

[Spanish araucano, Araucanian person, Mapuche, from Arauco, a former region of southern Chile.]


1. (Languages) a South American Indian language; thought to be an isolated branch of the Penutian phylum, spoken in Chile and W Argentina
2. (Peoples) a member of the people who speak this language
3. (Languages) of or relating to this people or their language
4. (Peoples) of or relating to this people or their language


(ˌær ɔˈkeɪ ni ən)

1. a member of an American Indian people of S central Chile and adjacent areas of Argentina.
2. the language of the Araucanians.
References in classic literature ?
The Indians were Araucanians from the south of Chile; several hundreds in number, and highly disciplined.
(34) To further complicate matters, historian Alfred Hasbrouck introduces another possibility, suggesting that the Tehuelche, along with the Picunche, the Pehuelche, and the Huilches "were all branches of the great Araucanian tribe which lived in southern Chile" and came over the mountains into Argentina.
Their diet is mainly composed of fishes such as anchovy (Engraulis ringens), Araucanian herring (Strangomera bentincki) and silverside (Odontesthes regia) although the common hake (Merluccius gayi), Inca scad (Trachurus murphyi), garfish (Scomberesox saurus scombroides), South American pilchard (Sardinops sagax) and various crustaceans and cephalopods have been reported as well (Herling et al., 2005).
Sapling of ten feet tall Araucanian tree (Christmas sign) will be given special care whole of the year.
<<Compromised Landscapes: The Proto-Panoptic of Colonial Araucanian and Spanish Parlamentos>>.
The called Araucanian or Nord Patagonian lakes are located in Argentina and Chile between 38-41[degrees] S, these lakes are characterized by their oligo or oligomesotrophic status, and glacial origin (Thomasson, 1963).
This is also the theme of Alarcon's scene in the co-written play Algunas hazanas del marques de Canete: the conquistador and future viceroy Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza thwarts an assassination attempt and chooses to "obligar" his Araucanian rival with gifts as part of his strategy of subduing the region.