The Indians were Araucanians
from the south of Chile; several hundreds in number, and highly disciplined.
British Romantics and Native Americans: The Araucanians
The book under review considers the active landscape of the Araucanians
embodied in sacred mounds and other ancillary architecture.
He and his friends were inspired by "the heroic deeds of the Araucanians
and the Spaniards, which we considered to be our own, as we were compatriots of the former and descendants of the latter" (30).
Juan Ignacio Molina, a Chilean Jesuit, wrote a history of Chile that exalted the courage of the Araucanians
(today called Mapuches), who never surrendered to the Spanish.
Questions of genre are a productive point of departure for her second chapter, in which Fuchs brings together two works narrated from the viewpoint of eyewitnesses who present a sympathetic view of the conquered: Alonso de Ercilla's La Araucana, valued by Cervantes for its dignified representation of the conquered Araucanians
of Chile, and Gines Perez de Hita's Guerras civiles de Granada (1595 and 1604), which narrates internecine warfare among the Moors before 1492 and the uprising of the Moriscos of the Alpujarras in 1568, another kind of civil war.
Of course, when the Dutch actually tried to unite with the Araucanians
of Chile, they failed miserably.
Moreover, the Ranqueles had been heavily influenced by Araucanians
migrating from the south and west.
She admired the Araucanians
and took pleasure in sharing a story about President Manuel Montt's tour of southern Chile, during a time of great political unrest in the southern provinces.
We must recall, moreover, that Ercilla's primary concern is to defend the interests of the Crown, and thus the Araucanians
provide a counterpart to condemn the behavior of the encomenderos.
7) Hopes of conquest such as this focused on the native population, on the Chilean Indians known to Europeans as Araucanians
but who called themselves Mapuche.
Spanish technological superiority appeared to determine the outcome of conquest in the case of contact with sedentary native peoples, while the skill and resourcefulness of the less sedentary groups, such as the Araucanians
of Chile, allowed them to survive confrontation and maintain autonomy for a longer period, despite the Spanish presence.