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 (ăr′ô-kā′nē-ən) also A·rau·can (ə-rô′kən)
1. A language family of south-central Chile and the western pampas of Argentina that includes Mapuche.
2. A member of a people speaking an Araucanian language.

[Spanish araucano, Araucanian person, Mapuche, from Arauco, a former region of southern Chile.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Languages) a South American Indian language; thought to be an isolated branch of the Penutian phylum, spoken in Chile and W Argentina
2. (Peoples) a member of the people who speak this language
3. (Languages) of or relating to this people or their language
4. (Peoples) of or relating to this people or their language
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌær ɔˈkeɪ ni ən)

1. a member of an American Indian people of S central Chile and adjacent areas of Argentina.
2. the language of the Araucanians.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The Indians were Araucanians from the south of Chile; several hundreds in number, and highly disciplined.
Some of these groups, like the Araucanians and the Charruas of the southern cone, eluded decisive confrontations for a long time through a combination of warfare and semi-nomadic migration.
In fact, the Araucanians constitute the only indigenous ethnic group in the Americas that concluded a formal treaty and established political boundary with the Spanish Crown.
Myth and the history of Chiles Araucanians. Radical History Review, (58), 113-141.
"British Romantics and Native Americans: The Araucanians of Chile." Studies in Romanticism 47, no.
the expression of their self-conscious sense of their political right." See the excellent article by Tim Fulford, "British Romantics and Native Americans: The Araucanians of Chile," Studies in Romanticism 47 (2008): 225-52; quotation on 233.
See Headrick's provocative comparative account of the PlainsIndians and the Araucanians, Headrick, Power Over Peoples, 115-23.
In the Great Lakes of the region of the Andean precordillera so-called "Araucanians", whose waters are oligotrophic and the lakes have a much larger surface area in study (Campos, 1984; Soto & Campos, 1995), there has been a greater variability in the richness of flora.
He and his friends were inspired by "the heroic deeds of the Araucanians and the Spaniards, which we considered to be our own, as we were compatriots of the former and descendants of the latter" (30).