Mapuche

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Related to Araucanos: Araucanians, Mapuche people

Ma·pu·che

 (mä-po͞o′chā, -chĕ)
n. pl. Mapuche or Ma·pu·ches
1. A member of a South American Indian people inhabiting south-central Chile.
2. The Araucanian language of the Mapuche. Also called Mapudungun.

[Mapuche : mapu, earth + che, people.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Ar•au•ca•ni•an

(ˌær ɔˈkeɪ ni ən)

n.
1. a member of an American Indian people of S central Chile and adjacent areas of Argentina.
2. the language of the Araucanians.
[1900–05]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
More precisely, it expresses the unity of the Araucanos with their land, and the intimate and autochthonous relationship between the two, as the Araucanos were simple in dress and were made of the stuff of the earth:
In Mapudungun, their own "language of the land," Mapuche means "people of the land." The Spanish called them araucanos, from Arauco, the area south of the Bio-Bio River.
We were known as Araucanos, the name the Spaniards gave us.
Probablemente, este proceso se dio desde los siglos anteriores, como senala Dillehay al recordar que los araucanos constituyen el unico grupo etnico que concluyo tratados formales y limites fronterizos con la Corona espanola, aunque esta excepcionalidad resulte demasiado taxativa si se consideran los pactos que establecieron otros grupos sudamericanos desde el siglo XVI (Levaggi 2000).