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Related to Arawakan: Arawak, Arawak Indians, Arawakan language


 (ăr′ə-wä′kən, -wăk′ən)
n. pl. Arawakan or Ar·a·wa·kans
1. A member of a widespread group of Indian peoples living in an area of South America that includes parts of Colombia, Venezuela, Guiana, the Amazon basin of Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, and formerly most of the Greater Antilles.
2. A large language family of South and Central America, including Taíno, many other living and extinct languages of South America spoken by Arawakan peoples, and Garifuna.

Ar′a·wa′kan adj.


(Languages) a family of American Indian languages found throughout NE South America
(Peoples) of or relating to the peoples speaking these languages


(ˌær əˈwɑ kən, -ˈwæk ən)

1. a family of American Indian languages spoken or formerly spoken in widely scattered areas of tropical lowland South America, from N Colombia to Bolivia, and formerly spoken in the Antilles and the Bahamas.
2. of or pertaining to Arawakan or its speakers.
3. of or pertaining to the Arawaks.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Arawakan - a member of a widespread group of Amerindians living in northeastern South AmericaArawakan - a member of a widespread group of Amerindians living in northeastern South America
Amerindian, Native American - any member of the peoples living in North or South America before the Europeans arrived
2.Arawakan - a family of South American Indian languages spoken in northeastern South America
American-Indian language, Amerind, Amerindian language, American Indian, Indian - any of the languages spoken by Amerindians
Adj.1.Arawakan - of or relating to the peoples who speak the language of the Arawak
References in periodicals archive ?
The Wayuu speak an Arawakan language (Aikhenvald 1999), and has been assigned to an Equatorial-Tucanoan linguistic stock (Ruhlen 1991), they are usually considered distinct from Chibchan-speaking populations (e.g.
The editors provide a scholarly introduction to the Arawakan and Cariban peoples the Europeans encountered, as the two unequal parties engaged in a century-long process of feeling each other out, before the Europeans finally arrived in force during the mid-seventeenth century, changing this part of the world forever.
Her dissertation was a monumental grammar of the Arawakan language Asheninka Perene, published in 2015 by Mouton de Gruyter.
The same is true for the presence of suffixed incorporated classifiers in Arawakan, represented by Baure and Trinitario in the sample (see e.g.
The prevalence of C amongst the Wayuu may also support the notion that they share genetic affinity with other indigenous groups from the Amazonian region, where haplogroup C likewise predominates and in (or near) which the Arawakan languages are thought to have originated (Aikhenvald 1999, 2006; Walker & Ribeiro 2011).
One recent scientific revelation, which Morse might have called a "conjecture," is that not all of the Caribbean native languages belong to the typical Arawakan and Carib groups; a few Mayan and Tupi-derived languages are also represented, which would tend to support a more inclusive Caribbean membership on the basis of ethnicity (Ferreira 132).
1991 "A classification of Maipuran (Arawakan) languages based on shared lexical retentions".
Arawakan languages continued to spread southward along the Purus and Madeira rivers to the lowlands of Peru and Bolivia where Arawak-speaking groups with their characteristic cultural emphasis on river navigation, trade and agriculture established themselves as middlemen in the trade between the lowlands and the Andean highlands.
These groups have been classified (2) into five linguistic families: Tukanoan (represented by the Eastern Tukanoan subfamily), Guahiban, Arawakan, KakuaNukak and Cariban.
(2) Typologically, evidentiality is often left unmarked in conditional clauses; see Aikhenvald (2004 : 255-256,) on Tariana (Arawakan) and LaPolla (2003 : 74-75) on Qiang (Tibeto-Burman).
The first of these, the Arawakan people who have become known as the Taino, lived on the island when Columbus arrived in 1494 (Woodley).