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An ancient town of Assyria in present-day northern Iraq. Its name is sometimes given to the battle fought at Gaugamela, about 80 km (50 mi) away, in which Alexander the Great defeated Darius III in 331 bc.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Placename) an ancient city in Assyria, near which the Battle of Arbela took place (331 bc), in which Alexander the Great defeated the Persians. Modern name: Erbil
2. (Historical Terms) an ancient city in Assyria, near which the Battle of Arbela took place (331 bc), in which Alexander the Great defeated the Persians. Modern name: Erbil
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ɑrˈbi lə)

an ancient city of Assyria, E of the Tigris, on the site of modern Erbil. Compare Gaugamela.
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And because my first inclination was to be entertained with scenes of pomp and magnificence, I desired to see Alexander the Great at the head of his army, just after the battle of Arbela: which, upon a motion of the governor's finger, immediately appeared in a large field, under the window where we stood.
The army of the Persians, in the plains of Arbela, was such a vast sea of people, as it did somewhat astonish the commanders in Alexander's army; who came to him therefore, and wished him to set upon them by night; and he answered, He would not pilfer the victory.
It is central to the speech of John Winthrop aboard the Arbela in 1630.
135, "Uruk," "romisch Orchoi": The Greek name of Uruk was probably Orcha, not Orchoi (the nominative is not attested), like many other indigenous geographical names ending in neuter plural -a, such as Borsippa, Susa, Ekbatana, Dura, Arbela, etc.
Part of the Israel National Trail, hikers can visit caves where the people of Arbela lived and hid, some of which are three stories high, and remains of an ancient synagogue.
Last year, he published his second book Alexander the Great in Erbil: The Military Battle of Gaugamela and the Political Victory at Arbela.
Arbela Bhutto also addressed the participants and highlighted the importance of the seminar.
According to a university spokesman, the Co-Director Institute of Science and Technology and Development Mehran University Dr Arbela Bhutoo and the Director PIM signed the agreement at a ceremony.
"Obtaining the AS9100 certification reflects Gogo's continued commitment to meeting the increasingly stringent industry quality requirements, and affirms our dedication to total quality and regulatory compliance," said Arbela Takhsh, Gogo's senior vice president of quality.
These repeated failures in the battle fields infact had exposed military might and weaknesses of Iranian authority therefore Alexander fearlessly marched on towards Mesopotamia to fight a decisive battle at the historic battle field of Arbela where the last Achaemenian King of Kings" Darius III was utterly defeated by Europeans in 330 BCE.