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Any of a large group of RNA viruses that are transmitted by arthropods, such as mosquitoes and ticks, and include the causative agents of encephalitis, yellow fever, and dengue.

[ar(thropod-)bo(rne) virus.]

ar′bo·vi′ral adj.
ar′bo·vi·rol′o·gy (är′bō-vĭ-rŏl′ə-jē) n.


(Microbiology) any one of a group of viruses that cause such diseases as encephalitis and dengue and are transmitted to humans by arthropods, esp insects and ticks
[C20: from ar(thropod-)bo(rne) virus]


(ˈɑr bəˌvaɪ rəs)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several togaviruses that are transmitted by bloodsucking arthropods, as ticks, fleas, or mosquitoes, and may cause encephalitis, yellow fever, or dengue fever.
[1955–60; ar(thropod)-bo(rne) virus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arbovirus - a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis
virus - (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
Bunyaviridae - a large family of arboviruses that affect a wide range of hosts (mainly vertebrates and arthropods)
Togaviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Flaviviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Arenaviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Rhabdoviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Reoviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
References in periodicals archive ?
Infection with FRV was not associated with clinical disease in animals but could potentially be disguised by other arbovirus infections, such as bovine ephemeral fever (49).
Since 2015, Zika outbreaks have been recorded in approximately 60 countries and territories, with symptoms similar to other arbovirus infections such as Dengue.
As in other arbovirus infections, sandfly fever may also be associated with aseptic meningitis.
The incidences of common arbovirus infections in Latin America are very high: approximately 173 cases/100000 inhabitants for dengue, 8 cases/100000 inhabitants for chikungunya, and 45 cases/100000 inhabitants for Zika.
It is known that viral pathogens invade the central nervous system more often than bacteria, but with the exception of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) that has been extensively studied [36]; little is known about the specific signaling pathways activated on microglia after arbovirus infections concurrent with prion disease.
A network of research laboratories capable of prompt diagnosing of arbovirus infections should be developed worldwide wherever Aedes albopictus exists in order to control chikungunya.
Arbovirus infections in Sarawak, October 1968-February 1970: GETAH virus isolations from mosquitoes.
Myocarditis and cardiomyopathy after arbovirus infections (dengue and chikungunya fever).
Wild birds are rarely found with active arbovirus infections, and relatively little is known about the patterns of viremia they exhibit under field conditions or how infection varies with date, bird age, or other factors that potentially affect transmission dynamics.
Native to the jungles of Asia, Tiger mosquitos are capable of transmitting arbovirus infections, such as dengue fever, yellow fever, etc.