arbovirus

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ar·bo·vi·rus

 (är′bə-vī′rəs)
n.
Any of a large group of RNA viruses that are transmitted by arthropods, such as mosquitoes and ticks, and include the causative agents of encephalitis, yellow fever, and dengue.

[ar(thropod-)bo(rne) virus.]

ar′bo·vi′ral adj.
ar′bo·vi·rol′o·gy (är′bō-vĭ-rŏl′ə-jē) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

arbovirus

(ˈɑːbəʊˌvaɪrəs)
n
(Microbiology) any one of a group of viruses that cause such diseases as encephalitis and dengue and are transmitted to humans by arthropods, esp insects and ticks
[C20: from ar(thropod-)bo(rne) virus]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ar•bo•vi•rus

(ˈɑr bəˌvaɪ rəs)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several togaviruses that are transmitted by bloodsucking arthropods, as ticks, fleas, or mosquitoes, and may cause encephalitis, yellow fever, or dengue fever.
[1955–60; ar(thropod)-bo(rne) virus]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arbovirus - a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis
virus - (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
Bunyaviridae - a large family of arboviruses that affect a wide range of hosts (mainly vertebrates and arthropods)
Togaviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Flaviviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Arenaviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Rhabdoviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Reoviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the summer and fall of 2016, several arbovirus infections were registered simultaneously in diseased domestic and wild ruminants in Israel.
As in other arbovirus infections, sandfly fever may also be associated with aseptic meningitis.
It has been observed that orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) from Borneo show high seroprevalence to different arbovirus infections, including ZIKV (27), and therefore, they may serve as ZIKV natural reservoirs in the Asiatic sylvatic cycle.
The April 2014 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report article "National Capacity for Surveillance, Prevention, and Control of West Nile Virus and Other Arbovirus Infections" describes how the national arboviral surveillance infrastructure built for WNV response was compromised by a 61-percent decrease in Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity grant funding from 2004 to 2012.
It is known that viral pathogens invade the central nervous system more often than bacteria, but with the exception of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) that has been extensively studied [36]; little is known about the specific signaling pathways activated on microglia after arbovirus infections concurrent with prion disease.
A network of research laboratories capable of prompt diagnosing of arbovirus infections should be developed worldwide wherever Aedes albopictus exists in order to control chikungunya.
Arbovirus infections in Sarawak, October 1968-February 1970: GETAH virus isolations from mosquitoes.
Myocarditis and cardiomyopathy after arbovirus infections (dengue and chikungunya fever).
Wild birds are rarely found with active arbovirus infections, and relatively little is known about the patterns of viremia they exhibit under field conditions or how infection varies with date, bird age, or other factors that potentially affect transmission dynamics.