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1. The act or process of excavating.
2. A hole formed by excavating.


(ˌɛks kəˈveɪ ʃən)

1. a hole made by excavating.
2. the act of excavating.
3. an area in which excavating has been done or is in progress, as an archaeological site.
[1605–15; < Latin]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.excavation - the act of diggingexcavation - the act of digging; "there's an interesting excavation going on near Princeton"
creating by removal - the act of creating by removing something
2.excavation - the site of an archeological explorationexcavation - the site of an archeological exploration; "they set up camp next to the dig"
archaeology, archeology - the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
land site, site - the piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located); "a good site for the school"
3.excavation - a hole in the ground made by excavating
artefact, artifact - a man-made object taken as a whole
bore-hole, drill hole, bore - a hole or passage made by a drill; usually made for exploratory purposes
delf - an excavation; usually a quarry or mine
diggings, digs - an excavation for ore or precious stones or for archaeology
ditch - a long narrow excavation in the earth
mine - excavation in the earth from which ores and minerals are extracted
mineshaft - excavation consisting of a vertical or sloping passageway for finding or mining ore or for ventilating a mine
stone pit, quarry, pit - a surface excavation for extracting stone or slate; "a British term for `quarry' is `stone pit'"
pool - an excavation that is (usually) filled with water
root cellar, cellar - an excavation where root vegetables are stored
well - a deep hole or shaft dug or drilled to obtain water or oil or gas or brine
working, workings - a mine or quarry that is being or has been worked
4.excavation - the act of extracting ores or coal etc from the earthexcavation - the act of extracting ores or coal etc from the earth
production - (economics) manufacturing or mining or growing something (usually in large quantities) for sale; "he introduced more efficient methods of production"
placer mining - mining valuable minerals from a placer by washing or dredging
opencast mining, strip mining - the mining of ore or coal from an open mine
bore-hole, drill hole, bore - a hole or passage made by a drill; usually made for exploratory purposes
heading, drift, gallery - a horizontal (or nearly horizontal) passageway in a mine; "they dug a drift parallel with the vein"
fathom, fthm - (mining) a unit of volume (equal to 6 cubic feet) used in measuring bodies of ore
rag - break into lumps before sorting; "rag ore"
hush - run water over the ground to erode (soil), revealing the underlying strata and valuable minerals
hush - wash by removing particles; "Wash ores"
mine - get from the earth by excavation; "mine ores and metals"
strip mine, surface mine, surface-mine - extract (ore) from a strip-mine
drive - excavate horizontally; "drive a tunnel"
extract - separate (a metal) from an ore


noun hole, mine, pit, ditch, shaft, cutting, cut, hollow, trench, burrow, quarry, dig, trough, cavity, dugout, diggings excavations in the earth
حَفْر، تَنْقيب


[ˌekskəˈveɪʃən] Nexcavación f


[ˌɛkskəˈveɪʃən] n
(by archeologist)fouilles fpl
(by builder, machine)creusement m


(Archeol) → (Aus)grabung f; excavations (= site)Ausgrabungsstätte f
(of tunnel etc)Graben nt


[ˌɛkskəˈveɪʃn] nscavo (Archeol) → scavi mpl


(ˈekskəveit) verb
1. to dig up (a piece of ground etc) or to dig out (a hole) by doing this.
2. in archaeology, to uncover or open up (a structure etc remaining from earlier times) by digging. The archaeologist excavated an ancient fortress.
ˌexcaˈvation noun
ˈexcavator noun
a machine or person that excavates.
References in periodicals archive ?
A TWO-MONTH archaeological dig on the lower slopes of Bennachie will finish this week after proving the area was lived in for hundreds of years.
An archaeological dig on a hillfort is discovering just how Iron Age man made the huge ramparts that surrounded the structure.
Release date- 16082019 - Recently, an archaeological dig was undertaken in the courtyard between the former Zusterhuis and Tweede Chirurgische Kliniek buildings as part of realising the new University Library.
An archaeological dig is set to take place at Nesscliffe Hillfort - the first for a hillfort in Shropshire for 40 years.
Work around the rail project has been billed as Europe's "biggest archaeological dig" and a presentation was given to members of the council's HS2 implementation advisory group.
The Big Dig 2019 is an eightweek archaeological dig which hopes to uncover the mystery of the underground treasure.
Along with the charity's very own archaeologist, Dr Daniel Rhodes, doting sons and daughters can take their dad, or mum for that matter, along to the historic castle where they can take part in a genuine archaeological dig for the day.
The free workshop will include a simulated archaeological dig, activities with Oklahoma artifacts and a chance for children to try reconstructing pottery.
AN archaeological dig will try to discover whether a Roman road passes through the site where a new housing development is planned.
The historical drama is directed by FranEaA*ois Girard which stars Samian, Vincent Perez and Raoul Trujillo, which portrays Canadian history through the finds at a fictional Montreal archaeological dig, reports The Hollywood Reporter.
SHARDS of pottery, floor tiles and carved stones from the Middle Ages were among finds at a archaeological dig ahead of building work on a new swimming pool and water park in Coventry.

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