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The study of the knowledge, interpretations, and practices of ancient cultures regarding celestial objects or phenomena.

ar′chae·o·as·tron′o·mer n.
ar′chae·o·as′tro·nom′i·cal (-ăs′trə-nŏm′ĭ-kəl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌɑːkɪəʊəˈstrɒnəmɪ) or


(Astronomy) the scientific study of the beliefs and practices concerning astronomy that existed in ancient and prehistoric civilizations
ˌarchaeoasˈtronomer, ˌarcheoasˈtronomer n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
* German scientist Rolf Mueller, who applied archeoastronomy to the solstice, measuring the pillar and three windows, "concluded that the perfect ashlar structures at Machu Picchu and Cuzco (as distinguished from the polygonal megalithic ones) are over 4,000 years old, thereby confirming the chronology of Montesinos.
The video points to the theories of Dr John Carlson, the director of the Centre for Archeoastronomy.
The lessons and projects cover a number of topics, like Astronomy in Ancient Cultures: An investigation in Archeoastronomy; Medicine and Microbes; The Life Cycle of the Honeybee; Crime Scene Analysis; and Making 2-D into 3-D, among others.
(vii) This type of study, known as archeoastronomy began in the 1960s with the study of Stonehenge.
When about 10 had gathered, I introduced myself and began my talk entitled "Native American Archeoastronomy of the Southwest." I used my green laser to conduct a star tour of the constellations.