reindeer

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rein·deer

 (rān′dîr′)
n. pl. reindeer or rein·deers
A large deer (Rangifer tarandus) of the Arctic tundra and northern boreal forests, having large hooves and long branched antlers in both sexes, and widely domesticated in Eurasia. Subspecies native to North America and Greenland are usually called caribou.

[Middle English reindere : Old Norse hreinn, reindeer; see ker- in Indo-European roots + Middle English der, animal; see deer.]
Word History: The word reindeer has nothing to do with reins. The element -deer in reindeer is indeed our word deer, but the element rein- has a different origin. Rein, "leather strap for guiding animals," comes from Old French resne, while the rein- in reindeer is of Scandinavian origin. Wild reindeer once roamed Great Britain in prehistoric times, but they had become extinct long before the Anglo-Saxons invaded the island, or even before the Celts settled it in ancient times. (The small herd of wild reindeer that currently lives in Scotland descends from animals imported from Scandinavia.) To most people in medieval England and Scotland, the reindeer was a foreign creature living in distant Scandinavia, and it is therefore not surprising that the English name of this animal contains an element borrowed from a Scandinavian source. The rein- in Middle English reindere (Modern English reindeer) comes from the Old Norse word for the reindeer, hreinn.

reindeer

(ˈreɪnˌdɪə)
n, pl -deer or -deers
(Animals) a large deer, Rangifer tarandus, having large branched antlers in the male and female and inhabiting the arctic regions of Greenland, Europe, and Asia. It also occurs in North America, where it is known as a caribou
[C14: from Old Norse hreindӯri, from hreinn reindeer + dyr animal; related to Dutch rendier, German Rentier; see deer]

rein•deer

(ˈreɪnˌdɪər)

n., pl. -deer, (occasionally) -deers.
a large deer, Rangifer tarandus, of N and arctic regions of the world: both male and female have antlers. Compare caribou.
[1350–1400; Middle English raynder(e) < Old Norse hreindȳri=hreinn reindeer + dȳr animal (c. deer)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reindeer - Arctic deer with large antlers in both sexesreindeer - Arctic deer with large antlers in both sexes; called `reindeer' in Eurasia and `caribou' in North America
cervid, deer - distinguished from Bovidae by the male's having solid deciduous antlers
genus Rangifer, Rangifer - reindeer or caribou
Rangifer caribou, woodland caribou - any of several large caribou living in coniferous forests of southern Canada; in some classifications included in the species Rangifer tarandus
barren ground caribou, Rangifer arcticus - of tundra of northern Canada; in some classifications included in the species Rangifer tarandus

reindeer

noun
Related words
male buck
Translations
رَنَةرنَّه، أيِّل
sob
rensdyr
põhjapõder
porokaribupeura
sob
rénszarvas
hreindýrhreindÿr
トナカイ
순록
šiaurės elnias
ziemeļbriedis
ren
sob
severni jelen
ren
กวางขนาดใหญ่แถบขั้วโลกเหนือ
con tuần lộc

reindeer

[ˈreɪndɪəʳ] N (reindeer, reindeers (pl)) → reno m

reindeer

[ˈreɪndɪər] [reindeer] [ˈreɪndɪər] (pl) nrenne m

reindeer

n pl <-> → Ren(tier) nt; Rudolph the red-nosed reindeerRudolf Rotnase m

reindeer

[ˈreɪnˌdɪəʳ] n pl invrenna

reindeer

(ˈreindiə) plural ˈreindeer noun
a kind of large deer found in Northern Europe, Asia and America.

reindeer

رَنَة sob rensdyr Rentier τάρανδος reno poro renne sob renna トナカイ 순록 rendier reinsdyr renifer rena северный олень ren กวางขนาดใหญ่แถบขั้วโลกเหนือ ren geyiği con tuần lộc 驯鹿
References in periodicals archive ?
The Captain explained that the Arctic caribou had special vision which helped them to see the Arctic foxes and to protect them from harm.
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Central Arctic caribou and petroleum development: Distributional, nutritional, and reproductive implications.
The most recent census of the Western Arctic caribou herd (WAH), Alaska's largest herd, was released in 2011.
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Currently the majority of the herds are not active because Western Arctic Caribou Herd migration and departure have taken the reindeer with them off the ranges," she says.
1975: Assessing movement in an arctic caribou population.
The restaurant serves a menu filled with modern Canadian cuisine, ranging from wild arctic caribou to ivory spring salmon.
2-million-acre park plays host to three different herds of caribou, including the 450,000 animals of the Western Arctic Caribou Herd, the state's largest.
The Arctic Saga evening features a dinner of Arctic caribou flown in from Nunavut for the occasion.
The Arctic segment of Cruise West's new "Expedition to the Arctic" itinerary begins in Fairbanks with a bush-plane flight to Galbraith Lake near the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and continues by touting van down the North Slope road to Prudhoe for a night at the Arctic Caribou Inn.

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