arginine

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ar·gi·nine

 (är′jə-nēn′)
n.
An amino acid, C6H14N4O2, obtained from the hydrolysis or digestion of plant and animal protein.

[German Arginin, possibly from Greek arginoeis, bright; see arg- in Indo-European roots.]

arginine

(ˈɑːdʒɪˌnaɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) an essential amino acid of plant and animal proteins, necessary for nutrition and for the production of excretory urea
[C19: from German Arginin, of uncertain origin]

ar•gi•nine

(ˈɑr dʒəˌnin, -ˌnaɪn, -nɪn)

n.
an essential amino acid, C6H14N4O2: the free amino acid increases insulin secretion. Abbr.: Arg; Symbol: R
[1885–90; < German Arginin]

ar·gi·nine

(är′jə-nēn′)
An essential amino acid. See more at amino acid.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arginine - a bitter tasting amino acid found in proteins and necessary for nutrition; its absence from the diet leads to a reduced production of spermatozoa
essential amino acid - an amino acid that is required by animals but that they cannot synthesize; must be supplied in the diet
Translations
Arginin

arginine

n arginina
References in periodicals archive ?
Aeglea is developing pegzilarginase for the treatment of patients with Arginase 1 Deficiency, a rare debilitating disease of arginine metabolism presenting in childhood with persistent hyperargininemia, severe progressive neurological abnormalities and early mortality.
The collaboration aims to enhance the preclinical development of ERYTECH's eryminase programme, with a particular predominance placed on the treatment of arginase-1 deficiency, a rare and severe metabolic disorder related to arginine metabolism.
Wiesinger, "Arginine metabolism and the synthesis of nitric oxide in the nervous system," Progress in Neurobiology, vol.
In addition, arginine metabolism is able to balance immune response, and polyamines are generated by the arginase pathway to enhance cell activity, to regulate immunity and macrophages, to inhibit platelet adhesion and to participate in sterilization.9
Arginine metabolism and nutrition in growth, health and disease.
Arginine Metabolism in Vascular Biology and Disease.
Additional work is warranted to define whether inhibiting lipid peroxidation and restoring arginine metabolism would mitigate hyperglycemia-mediated decreases in vascular function.
Exhaled Nitric Oxide and Arginine Metabolism; Implications to Obesity and Asthma
Dysregulation of arginine metabolism due to UCD and resulting decreased plasma levels of arginine and nitric oxide metabolites increase the predisposition to severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).