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 (ăr′ĭ-stär′kəs) 217?-145? bc.
Greek grammarian and critic noted for his arrangement of and commentary on the Iliad and the Odyssey.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Celestial Objects) a crater in the NE quadrant of the moon, having a diameter of about 37 kilometres, which is the brightest formation on the moon
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(ˌær əˈstɑr kəs)

1. of Samos, late 3rd century B.C., Greek astronomer.
2. of Samothrace, c216–144 B.C., Greek philologist and critic.
Ar`is•tar′chi•an, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Aristarchus - an ancient Greek grammarian remembered for his commentary on the Iliad and Odyssey (circa 217-145 BC)
2.Aristarchus - a bright crater on the MoonAristarchus - a bright crater on the Moon    
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
Like Kepler and Aristarchus, which overlook the "Ocean of Tempests," sometimes it appeared like a brilliant point through the cloudy light, and was taken for a volcano in activity.
pert., 265: But Aristarchus is informed that they were twins, not....
"First, he took the idea that the earth moves around the sun rather than the reverse from Aristarchus, a well-known Greek astronomer who died around 230 B.C.
The Best of the Grammarians: Aristarchus of Samothrace on the Iliad
To track it down, draw an imaginary line across Oceanus Procellarum from Aristarchus through the small but sharp crater Lichtenberg until you reach the limb.
1783 - Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus
In the Northern Bee an unknown Aristarchus (20) gave me a serious scolding, on account of, he said, we were expecting not Eugene Onegin but a poem on the taking of Arzrum.
As Alexander Bird (2007: 95) observes, the hypothesis that the Sun is at the center of the universe was proposed by Aristarchus of Samos, then rejected by Aristotle and Ptolemaic scientists, and later embraced by Copernicus.
Before him, Aristarchus of Samos had held sway through his formulation of a similar model some eighteen centuries earlier.
Muellner (1996, 50-51) takes Aristarchus' definition of menis as "long-lasting rancor", noting that it "is not a word for a hostile emotion arising in one individual against some other individual", but that it goes against the social, cosmic order.
In cosmology, a Pythagorean pupil, Philolaus (470-385 BCE), was the first to break with the geocentric world-view, while Herakleides (387-312 BCE) and Aristarchus (310-230 BCE) were the first to assert a heliocentric world view, later forgotten and independently rediscovered by Copernicus seventeen centuries later.