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See Table at Bible.

Mac′ca·be′an adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Biography) a Jewish family of patriots who freed Judaea from Seleucid oppression (168–142 bc)
2. (Bible) any of four books of Jewish history, including the last two of the Apocrypha
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈmæk əˌbiz)

1. (used with a plural v.) a priestly Jewish family who ruled Judea in the 1st and 2nd centuries b.c., esp. Judas Maccabaeus and his brothers, who defeated the Syrians in 165? and rededicated the Temple.
2. (used with a sing. v.) either of two books of the Apocrypha, I Maccabees or II Maccabees, that contain the history of the Maccabees.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(15) In summary, Herodias was the daughter of Aristobulus IV, making her Herod's granddaughter by way of his second wife, Mariamne the Hasmonaean.
The 12 papers consider such topics as the place of Wisdom in the formation of the movement behind the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ecclesiastes as mainstream Wisdom (without Job), the substance of Job: beginnings and endings, an awfully beastly business: some thoughts of behemah in Jonah and Qoheleth, acquiring Wisdom: a semantic analysis of its metaphorical conceptualizations, and Aristobulus and the universal Sabbath.
there between two brothers, Hyrcan and Aristobulus, about 70 years
Herodias (13 BC-AD 39) was the daughter of Aristobulus IV (31-7 BC), the son of Herod the Great by Mariamne.
Despite a proliferation of angels and demons in Jewish apocalyptic and mystical literature and a few attempts at translatability among diaspora Jews (Smith treats possible examples in the Letter of Aristeas, Aristobulus, and the Lxx), the Jewish community by and large was resolutely monotheistic and resistant to horizontal translatability.
The general articles in this issue discuss the allegorical interpretation of the Pentateuch in Alexandria, inscribing Aristobulus and Philo in a wider literary context; and (in French) Philo of Alexander and Plato.
These versions, from the first century BC and later, ultimately rely on sources contemporary and near-contemporary to Alexander himself (late fourth / early third century BC), such as Callisthenes, used by Aristobulus and Ptolemy, in their turn the principal sources of Arrian; and Onesicritus and Nearchus, used by Cleitarchus, who again served as source for the so-called 'vulgate' authors, Diodorus, Curtius and Trogus / Justin.
The first generation of Hasmonean kings, Judah's brothers, were called Yehonatan and Shimon; the next generation were called Aristobulus and HyrcanusGreek names, and a sign that Hellenism was an unavoidable presence in Judea.
The engagement is short-lived due to Mardontius's compulsive infidelity, but meanwhile Theagenes hears the gossip, rails against the perfidity of women, and embarks on a court mission to Spain to assist his patron, Aristobulus (Bristol).
Bosworth suggests that Arrian derived his version of the Ephemerides from Ptolemy's account, while also using Aristobulus. Badian 1987 goes further, in arguing that the two versions are so different that they must come from two distinct, fictional accounts, void of any historical value.
In the time of the Second Temple (63 BCE), Jewish historian Flavius Josephus records that Hyrcanus accused Aristobulus, his brother and leader of the Hashmonaim, of "acts of piracy at sea."
This same line had already been quoted two centuries earlier by the Alexandrian Jewish writer Aristobulus. As H.