26) It was during Henry's liaison with Anne - and arguably as a more or less direct result of it - that he renounced his allegiance to the Pope and precipitated the religious upheavals of the sixteenth century, which were still creating echoes in the Arminian
and Laudian debates of Ford's own contemporaries.
From the mid-seventeenth century, Arminian
theology had softened the doctrines of predestination and the elect by introducing the role of free will and, at least hypothetically, the possibility of universal grace.
That sectarian, counter-cultural element is what made the earliest Baptists Baptist, both in England and in North America, both in the Arminian
and the Calvinist camps.
While numerous sermons attack Calvinist predestination and espouse a more Arminian
position - in fact, "the only distinctly Calvinist belief whose truth is not unambiguously impugned by Donne is that of the irresistibility of grace" (25) - Donne also argues forcefully for the importance of preaching, which, Oliver rightly suggests, "marks him as operating quite independently of Arminian
While she is right in claiming the initial settlers to these mountains were Scotch-Irish Calvinists, she gives no explanation why they were so readily influenced by Francis Asbury and his Circuit Riders in the early nineteenth century so that even those that did not become Methodist, none-the-less, adopted its Arminian
In Holland, the Baptists presumably were aware of the theology of the Remonstrants, the followers of James Arminius, whose "Five Arminian
Articles" were published in 1610 and elicited from the established church in Holland a five-point response by a famous Synod held in Dordrecht in 1618-19.
But an unbiased historian can make an equally good case that Laud and his Arminian
friends were godly.
Methodists and many other dissenters adhered to the Arminian
How dull and brief would our heritage be without crises over the Bible, congregational and associational conflict, Calvinist and Arminian
debates, missions and methodologies, religion and science, the role of women, and most recently, Disney and even the family?
Howe provides a succinct analysis of Sellers's thesis but raises very real concerns about his lack of clarity and unhelpful use of terms, especially Arminian
True to its subtitle, the text introduces the reader to the history of Arminian
Baptists in England and America; to distinctive Free Will Baptist doctrines; to the church covenant adopted by the National Association of Free Will Baptists; to four of the most important General/Free Will Baptist confessions of faith; to the history, structure, and ministries of the National Association; to Free Will ministries on state and local levels; and to other American Arminian
general bodies not affiliated with the National Association.
Edward Lenton's letter describing his visit to Little Gidding and the transformation of that letter into the satirical Arminian
Nunnery can be studied in Mayor.