It was made up of four battleships and five armoured cruisers
ranking almost with battleships, not one of which was of a later date than 1913.
The British lost three battle cruisers, three armoured cruisers
and eight destroyers and 6,094 men.
The sinking of HMS Pathfinder by the German submarine U24 off the Berwickshire coast on September 5 could be viewed as an isolated incident, until disaster struck three old armoured cruisers
just over a fortnight later.
This squadron's main elements, the two armoured cruisers
Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, outclassed the two old cruisers HMS Philomel and HMS Psyche available in New Zealand to escort the force.
Two armoured cruisers and two light cruisers were sunk, and two transports were boarded and scuttled.
Caption: The British armoured cruiser HMS Monmouth was manned primarily by resen/ists recruited among Scottish fishermen and UK coast guardsmen.
The ship and Rear Admiral Sir Christopher Craddock's flag ship, HMS Good Hope, both armoured cruisers
, were sunk by ships of the German East Asia Squadron commanded by Vice-Admiral Maximilian von Spee.
Three Royal Navy battlecruisers, three armoured cruisers
and eight destroyers were sunk.
In developing his scenario for a hypothetical attack, however, Egerton decided to employ a squadron of seven ships, four of which would be armoured cruisers
of a class similar to his own ship (HMS Orlando); another two cruisers would be equivalent to the Royal Navy's Marathon class, and he included a transport for stores.
Not only was the Royal Navy hard pressed to recruit sufficient personnel to man the increasing numbers of battleships and armoured cruisers
entering service in the first years of the century, but retention was poor, particularly amongst the more highly skilled ratings vital to their operation.
His Falkland Islands Squadron consisted of two armoured cruisers
dating back to 1902--the Good Hope and Monmouth, armed with 9.2-inch guns on the main decks and 6-inch guns in casements so close to the waterline that they could not be worked in any sort of a sea--and the Otranto, a converted liner known as "the Sardine Tin," which carried a few old 4.7-inchers.
Great uncle Mark was then sent to join an armoured cruiser