Dictamen

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Dic`ta´men


n.1.A dictation or dictate.
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These included published collections of letters, usually of prominent Spanish statesmen or members of the clergy, where I was looking for commentary in an editor's preface or in the letters themselves about the socioliterary significance of epistolary exchanges, as well as treatises on rhetoric, which invariably included sections dedicated to the letter genre and the conventions of letter writing as they had evolved from the medieval ars dictaminis. My research also included letter formularies, which multiplied in the long eighteenth century under such titles as Nuevo estilo y formulario de escrivir cartas missivas y responder a ellas ...
Marquilhas goes on to discuss some results obtained through analysis of the corpus, focusing on the traditional rhetorical structure of letters (Ars Dictaminis).
Judith Rice Henderson who offers an historical overview of the medieval ars dictaminis and the rise of new models for epistolography after Cicero's letters were recovered in the Renaissance.
Seriam elas os Ars dictaminis, especialmente o composto por Guido Faba; depois documentos oficiais, como os Breves de Siena (1250) e a Constituicao na versao latina da mesma cidade, de 1262; como terceira fonte, e mais importante, os tratados de governo, entre os quais, destacam-se Oculus pastoralis (1220) de autoria desconhecida, De sapientia potestatis (1240) de Orfino de Lodi, o Liber de regimine civitatum (1253) de Giovanni da Viterbo e, por fim, Li livres dou tresor (1266) de Brunetto Latini.
El genero epistolar ha tenido siempre muy variados propositos, pero sujetos, regularmente, a estructuras determinadas; fue evolucionando de la simple transmision oral de una noticia a aquellas cartas po liticas, en que regularmente se hacian peticiones formales a algun superior; como las enviadas por Enrique de Villena a Enrique III de Castilla, epoca en que dominaba el ars dictaminis. Despues, su proceso de transformacion incluyo las epistolas didacticas, morales y eruditas (las de Erasmo son buen ejemplo de ese anhelo pedagogico).
Stodola covers the secondary scholarship in medieval rhetoric by dividing it according to genre: ars dictaminis, preaching, and poetry.
Although the volume considers developmental and sub-traditional aspects in the history of grammar, certain specializations are not traced, particularly the ars dictaminis (letter writing) and the ars praedicandi (preaching), the incorporation of grammar into philosophical discourse which sought to develop the belief that language mirrored the reality of the physical world (referred to as speculative (or 'mirror') grammar), and the development of dialectic which was classified with grammar and rhetoric as part of the trivium.
Entre los recursos generales del genero epistolar presentes en las Cartas de relacion, Walter Mignolo ha destacado la atencion especial del autor a los conectores que ayudan a seguir el hilo de la narracion (Mignolo, 1982: 6768); en efecto, este es un recurso del ars dictaminis habilmente utilizado por Cortes (5) al igual que otros destinados asimismo a fijar la atencion sobre el propio texto, como la captatio benevolentiae o las llamadas de atencion sobre las dificultades de la escritura (tales como la perdida de documentos, la incapacidad expresiva para trasladar lo visto o la falta de tiempo) (6) Pero existen otros recursos del genero destinados mas bien a la construccion del "yo" protagonista del discurso, y entre ellos tal vez el mas importante sea el manejo del sujeto gramatical.
This Latin term, however, has been defined as a prose composition, usually a letter composed from set rules of the genre of the ars dictaminis, an omitted term.
The short section on prologues collapses the two patterns before, offering a short historical overview of medieval appropriations of classical comments on types of narrators, though surprisingly no mention of the ars praedicandi or ars dictaminis, and then forging a connection to a modern theory, in particular, Genette's discussion of diegesis and a distinction of medieval narrators who are extradiegetic or intradiegetic, that is, outside the story proper or inside the story.
Entre estas artes destaca, en el ambito de la prosa, el ars dictaminis, que forma parte de la educacion de cualquier hombre instruido de la Edad Media, y que tambien se perfila como una de las mas solicitadas salidas profesionales no universitarias.
Radding and Newton present an extremely detailed analysis of the libellus's style as compared with the works known to have been written by Alberic, a pioneer in the ars dictaminis. Unlike Lanfranc, who spoke contemptuously of Berengar as a proud and deceitful heretic, Alberic respectfully acknowledges his great erudition.