Writing in English, Butcher discusses coins from the Achaemenids to the Arsacids
; in German Heidemann provides the overview and carries the story down to the 19th century.
Let us now examine the evidence for this "Sasanian iconoclasm," which Boyce claims to be "fairly abundant, from diverse sources." (39) According to the Armenian historian Movses Xorenac'i, after the victory over the Armenian Arsacids
Ardasir I destroyed the statues of the Armenian gods at Artashat, while keeping the "fire of Ormizd" burning:
(12) While the dated Parthian coinage clearly shows that Macedonian years in the Seleucid era started in the autumn under the Arsacids
, Macedonian dates doubled-dated in the Arsacid
and Seleucid (SEM) eras show that the Arsacid
year number was sometimes 64 years behind the corresponding SEM year number and sometimes 65.
After the end of Hellenistic Dynasty from Seleucia, a tribe subdued by Persians took over the initiative of Persian recovery and creates the Parthian Kingdom under the Dynasty of the Arsacids
This man, a member of the royal family of the Arsacids
, son of a prince whose descendants currently reign on the throne of Afghanistan, renounced the throne to become a monk.' (28)
Armenia has been rich and independent at times, particularly under the dynasties of the Ervandids (Orontids), the Artashesians (Artaxids), the Arshakunis (Arsacids
), and, during the ninth and tenth centuries, the Bagratunis (Bagratids).
, Romans, and Local Elites: Cross-Cultural Interactions of the Parthian Empire
Established in the third century BC, the multi-cultural and multi-lingual Arsacid
Empire was Rome's major opponent in the East from the first century BC to the third century AD, but oral teaching prevailed, and the Arsacids
produced no historiography concerning perception, reception, and interpretation, so Greeks and Romans are the primary sources of information on the Parthians, Arsacids
, and their Empire.
and Sasanians: Political Ideology in Post-Hellenistic and Late Antique Persia.
Of particular interest because its topic has been so little discussed elsewhere is Stefan Hauser's contribution on Assur under the Arsacids
. In this final period of the site's significant occupation, the main place of worship was still located atop the ancient Assur temple and Aramaic dedicatory inscriptions found therein indicate that the most important cultic festivals known from the cuneiform texts continued to be celebrated-800 years after the fall of Assyria (pp.