artemisinin

(redirected from Artemesinin)
Also found in: Medical.

ar·te·mis·i·nin

 (är′tə-mĭs′ĭ-nĭn)
n.
1. A compound, C15H22O5, that is obtained from a species of artemisia (Artemisia annua) and has antimalarial activity.
2. Any of several semisynthetic derivatives of this compound that are used to treat malaria, usually in combination with other drugs.

artemisinin

(ˌɑːtɪˈmɪzɪnɪn) pharmacol
n
a drug obtained from the plant genus Artemisia and used to treat malaria(as modifier)
Translations

artemisinin

n artemisinina
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References in periodicals archive ?
Agricultural Research Service scientists and their colleagues have found that global increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide have affected the plant Artemisia annua, a common roadside weed in the United States and the source of artemesinin, a compound that is used in drugs to treat malaria throughout the world.
Extensively and totally drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is spreading in the country; [10] approximately half of all non-albicans candida infections are resistant to fluconazole; [11] current rates of transmitted resistance to first-line antiretrovirals in HIV are ~5%, yet as antiretroviral roll-out continues, resistance rates are set to rise to 10-17%; [12] and hopes for the elimination of falciparum malaria are threatened by the risk of spread of artemesinin resistance from SouthEast Asia.
He said introduction and expansion of new and effective interventions including the use Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs), Artemesinin based Combination Therapies (ACTs) for the treatment of falciparum malaria and the promotion of long lasting Insecticide treated bed Nets (LLINs) have brought a revolution in diagnosis, treatment and prevention
Artemesinin, extracted from the herb wormwood, is perhaps our best natural remedy against babesiosis, a common coinfection with Lyme.
The new strain was found in Cambodia by British and American researchers investi-gatina decline in the effectiveness of artemesinin - the world's main defence against malaria.
These include sesquiterpene lactones as well as an artemesinin acid analog from T.
Donor funds for the healthcare sector are being channeled towards a multitude of areas including insecticide-treated bed nets for the prevention of malaria, antiretroviral drugs to expand access to antiretroviral therapy in Africa, HIV rapid test kits, laboratory equipment to support the roll out of antiretroviral therapy such as CD4 count and determination of lymphocyte count, artemesinin combination therapy and other anti-malarial drugs and tuberculosis drugs to support direct observed treatment (DOTS), a TB control strategy.
When dealing with falciparum malaria chloroquine was still resorted to by 24%, although majority (45%) preferred the Artemesinin compounds in combination and 6% preferred quinine.