artemisinin

(redirected from Artemesinin)
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ar·te·mis·i·nin

 (är′tə-mĭs′ĭ-nĭn)
n.
1. A compound, C15H22O5, that is obtained from a species of artemisia (Artemisia annua) and has antimalarial activity.
2. Any of several semisynthetic derivatives of this compound that are used to treat malaria, usually in combination with other drugs.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

artemisinin

(ˌɑːtɪˈmɪzɪnɪn) pharmacol
n
a drug obtained from the plant genus Artemisia and used to treat malaria(as modifier)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Translations

artemisinin

n artemisinina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Introduction and expansion of effective interventions such as the use of Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs), Artemesinin based Combination Therapies (ACTs) for the treatment of falciparum malaria and the promotion of long lasting Insecticide treated bed Nets (LLINs) has brought a revolution in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention program of the country.
Introduction and expansion of effective interventions such as the use Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs), Artemesinin based Combination Therapies (ACTs) for the treatment of falciparum malaria and the promotion of long lasting Insecticide treated bed Nets (LLINs) has brought a revolution in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention program of the country.
Agricultural Research Service scientists and their colleagues have found that global increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide have affected the plant Artemisia annua, a common roadside weed in the United States and the source of artemesinin, a compound that is used in drugs to treat malaria throughout the world.
(9-11) The high burden of malaria deaths in our environment may be due to high levels of parasite resistance to affordable drugs, high cost of artemesinin based combination drugs and inadequate provision/scarcity of insecticide treated nets.
Extensively and totally drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is spreading in the country; [10] approximately half of all non-albicans candida infections are resistant to fluconazole; [11] current rates of transmitted resistance to first-line antiretrovirals in HIV are ~5%, yet as antiretroviral roll-out continues, resistance rates are set to rise to 10-17%; [12] and hopes for the elimination of falciparum malaria are threatened by the risk of spread of artemesinin resistance from SouthEast Asia.
Some of the useful plant drugs include vinblastine, vincristine, Taxol, Podophyllotoxin, camptothecin, digitoxigenin, gitoxigenin, digoxigenin, tubocurarine, morphine, codeine, aspirin, atropine, Pilocarpine, capsicum, Ellison, curcumin, artemesinin and ephedrine among others.
Artemesinin, extracted from the herb wormwood, is perhaps our best natural remedy against babesiosis, a common coinfection with Lyme.
The new strain was found in Cambodia by British and American researchers investi-gatina decline in the effectiveness of artemesinin - the world's main defence against malaria.
These include sesquiterpene lactones as well as an artemesinin acid analog from T.