artificial

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ar·ti·fi·cial

 (är′tə-fĭsh′əl)
adj.
1.
a. Made by humans, especially in imitation of something natural: an artificial sweetener that replaces sugar; artificial flowers.
b. Not arising from natural or necessary causes; contrived or arbitrary: "Hausa [in Niger] ... are separated from their brethren in Nigeria by a porous and artificial border that the colonial powers left behind" (Jeffrey Tayler).
2. Affected or insincere: an artificial smile.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin artificiālis, belonging to art, from artificium, craftsmanship; see artifice.]

ar′ti·fi′ci·al′i·ty (-fĭsh′ē-ăl′ĭ-tē) n.
ar′ti·fi′cial·ly adv.

artificial

(ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃəl)
adj
1. produced by man; not occurring naturally: artificial materials of great strength.
2. made in imitation of a natural product, esp as a substitute; not genuine: artificial cream.
3. pretended; assumed; insincere: an artificial manner.
4. lacking in spontaneity; affected: an artificial laugh.
5. (Biology) biology relating to superficial characteristics not based on the interrelationships of organisms: an artificial classification.
[C14: from Latin artificiālis belonging to art, from artificium skill, artifice]
artificiality n
ˌartiˈficially adv

ar•ti•fi•cial

(ˌɑr təˈfɪʃ əl)

adj.
1. made by human skill; produced by humans; not natural.
2. imitation; simulated; sham: artificial vanilla flavoring; artificial gemstones.
3. lacking naturalness or spontaneity; forced: an artificial smile.
4. full of affectation; stilted.
5. pertaining to a taxonomic classification that groups together unrelated organisms.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin]
ar`ti•fi`ci•al′i•ty, n.
ar`ti•fi′cial•ly, adv.

ar·ti·fi·cial

(är′tə-fĭsh′əl)
Made by humans rather than occurring naturally: artificial sweeteners; an artificial heart.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.artificial - contrived by art rather than natureartificial - contrived by art rather than nature; "artificial flowers"; "artificial flavoring"; "an artificial diamond"; "artificial fibers"; "artificial sweeteners"
counterfeit, imitative - not genuine; imitating something superior; "counterfeit emotion"; "counterfeit money"; "counterfeit works of art"; "a counterfeit prince"
unreal - lacking in reality or substance or genuineness; not corresponding to acknowledged facts or criteria; "ghosts and other unreal entities"; "unreal propaganda serving as news"
natural - existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation; "a natural pearl"; "natural gas"; "natural silk"; "natural blonde hair"; "a natural sweetener"; "natural fertilizers"
2.artificial - artificially formal; "that artificial humility that her husband hated"; "contrived coyness"; "a stilted letter of acknowledgment"; "when people try to correct their speech they develop a stilted pronunciation"
affected, unnatural - speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression
3.artificial - not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processesartificial - not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
inorganic - lacking the properties characteristic of living organisms

artificial

adjective
1. synthetic, manufactured, plastic, man-made, non-natural free from artificial additives and flavours
2. insincere, forced, affected, assumed, phoney or phony (informal), put on, false, pretended, hollow, contrived, unnatural, feigned, spurious, meretricious The voice was affected, the accent artificial.
insincere true, natural, frank, genuine, sincere, honest, unaffected, dinkum (Austral & N.Z. informal)
3. fake, mock, imitation, bogus, simulated, phoney or phony (informal), sham, pseudo (informal), fabricated, counterfeit, spurious, ersatz, specious The sauce was glutinous and tasted artificial.
fake authentic

artificial

adjective
1. Made by human beings instead of nature:
2. Made to imitate something else:
Informal: pretend.
3. Not genuine or sincere:
4. Artificially genteel:
Informal: la-di-da.
5. Marked by unnaturalness, pretension, and often a slavish love of fads:
Translations
إصْطِناعي، مُصْطَنَعاِصْطِناعيّ
umělý
kunstig
keinotekoinenteennäinen
umjetan
tilbúinn, gervi
人工の
인공적인
dirbtinaidirbtinisdirbtinis kvėpavimasdirbtinumas
mākslīgsneīsts
kunstmatigartificieel
umetenumetna inteligenca
konstgjord
เทียม
nhân tạo

artificial

[ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃəl]
A. ADJ
1. (= synthetic) [light, flower, lake, leg, limb] → artificial; [leather] → sintético; [jewel] → de imitación; [hair] → postizo
2. (fig) [person, manner] → artificial, afectado; [smile] → forzado; [situation] → artificial
B. CPD artificial horizon Nhorizonte m artificial
artificial insemination Ninseminación f artificial
artificial intelligence Ninteligencia f artificial
artificial manure Nabono m químico
artificial respiration Nrespiración f artificial
artificial silk Nseda f artificial, rayón m
artificial sweetener Nedulcorante m

artificial

[ˌɑːrtɪˈfɪʃəl] adj
(= synthetic) [additive, colour, flavour] → artificiel(le)
(= man-made) [lake] → artificiel(le)
(= prosthetic) [limb] → artificiel(le)
(= unnatural) [conditions, environment] → artificiel(le)
(= affected) [manner, accent] → artificiel(le)artificial additive nadditif m artificiel
"no artificial additives" (on food packaging)"sans additifs artificiels"artificial insemination ninsémination f artificielleartificial intelligence AI [ˌeɪˈaɪ]
nintelligence f artificielle, IA f
modif [research, researcher] → en intelligence artificielle; [laboratory, system, software] → d'intelligence artificielle

artificial

adj
(= synthetic)künstlich; artificial lightkünstliches Licht; artificial manureKunstdünger m; artificial hair/silkKunsthaar nt/-seide f; artificial heartKunstherz nt; artificial leatherKunstleder nt; artificial limbProthese f, → Kunstglied nt
(fig: = not genuine) → künstlich; (pej: = not sincere) smile, mannergekünstelt, unecht; you’re so artificialdu bist nicht echt; if you say it that way it sounds artificialwenn du es so sagst, klingt das unecht

artificial

:
artificial horizon
artificial insemination
artificial intelligence

artificial

[ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃl] adj (synthetic) → artificiale (fig) (pej) (smile, manner) → studiato/a, affettato/a; (tears, situation) → falso/a

artificial

(aːtiˈfiʃəl) adjective
made by man; not natural; not real. artificial flowers; Did you look at the colour in artificial light or in daylight?
artiˈficially adverb
ˌartificiˈality (-ʃiˈӕ-) noun
artificial respiration
the process of forcing air into and out of the lungs eg of a person who has almost drowned.

artificial

اِصْطِناعيّ umělý kunstig künstlich τεχνητός artificial keinotekoinen artificiel umjetan artificiale 人工の 인공적인 kunstmatig kunstig sztuczny artificial искусственный konstgjord เทียม yapay nhân tạo 人造的

artificial

a. artificial, artificioso-a;
___ impregnationimpregnación, fecundación ___;
___ inseminationinseminación ___;
___ limbextremidad o parte ___;
___ respirationrespiración ___.

artificial

adj artificial
References in periodicals archive ?
Rex is a collection of all the recent scientific progress in artificial organ design.
But then the artificial organ, which is attached with magnets, dropped off last month.
The researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston said that a key feature of the artificial organ is a cartilage scaffold which has an embedded titanium wire that retains the shape of the structure as well as maintain its flexibility, the Independent reported.
Zheng says that the next step is to use the system as a starting point for an artificial organ.
The artificial organ kept Patrick alive until he had a heart transplant on March 9 last year.
All four are improving and we have now been able to remove artificial organ support from three of them.
And with kidneys, livers and so on, there is nothing on the horizon that will be a suitable artificial organ that you can implant.
The ethics committee of Nagasaki University School of Medicine approved a plan Tuesday to conduct research on an artificial liver made with human liver cells to prepare for Japan's first clinical test involving the artificial organ, panel members said.
These two strong forces will in all likelihood sustain current trends (limited only by the chronic shortage of kidneys), absent a free market or the development of an implantable artificial organ.
The life-saving artificial organ, which operates from outside the body, can be dangerous as it is known to cause an increased risk of strokes and patients are generally placed on it for as little a time as possible.
On Monday, surgeons spent eight hours patching her heart to an artificial organ, grafting one of her veins onto her pulmonary artery.

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