cardiopulmonary bypass

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cardiopulmonary bypass

n.
A procedure to circulate and oxygenate the blood while surgery is performed on the heart. It involves the diversion of blood from the heart and lungs through a heart-lung machine and the return of oxygenated blood to the aorta.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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A disadvantage is represented by increased edema formation due to inadequate oncotic pressure of artificial perfusion solutions (Domingo-Pech et al., 1991; Zeitlin and Eshraghi, 2002); however, weight gain of organs has also been reported in experiments using diluted whole blood as perfusate (Friebe et al., 2013a).
1: Applications for blood based and artificial perfusion fluids The choice of a specific perfusion fluid depends on the perfused organ and the research question.