The attorneys appealed to spare his life, arguing the severe physical and mental toll from his service in Vietnam as an Army forward artillery observer
. They claimed that Brannan had suffered from combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder and was prone to flashbacks of the war, reported (http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/01/14/us-usa-execution-georgia-idUSKBN0KM28A20150114?feedType=RSS&feedName=domesticNews) Reuters.
Mitchell was a WWII Army veteran where he served as an artillery observer
at Anzio Beach and Italy.
Currie had done his own recce of Lens and considered it a killing ground, as it was an open book to the German artillery observers
on the hill to the northwest.
The Nurpur-Hudiara area could be seen from specially-constructed observation posts in Burki, and artillery observers
directed fire on the advance to the rear and flanks.
Rodney Earl Walton, a professor at Florida International University, wrote Big Guns Brave Men: Mobile Artillery Observers
and the Battle for Okinawa.
Punished by artillery, mortar, and machine gun fire as it moved across the open, up slope terrain, the battalion lost its forward artillery observers
, causing an acute lack of artillery support for its week-long push against two German regiments.
In a small scenario, he might have "five or six guys will play actual commanders, while the others play artillery observers
or battalion headquarters, plus a couple to play the bad guys."
They were helped in their grisly task by artillery observers
calling down shellfire on the approaching Germans.
heard the distinctive high-pitched whistle of a mortar shell prior to the detonation, he said he believed the fatal round had been "fired from some technical weaponry other than mortars."
Within the city, attacking forces must anticipate (1) defending tanks and direct-fire artillery in corner buildings or behind breaks in walls, (2) dismounted infantry on any story of buildings, (3) snipers and artillery observers
in high-rise buildings, attics, and towers.
This made the small forts that made up the intermediate zone difficult for enemy artillery observers
to locate and almost impossible for the big guns to knock out."