A utopian experiment which grew out of the Arts and Crafts Movement
as a counterpoint to Fordist industrial production, it was envisaged as a collective educational community in which intimate involvement with craft would improve the material circumstances and, more importantly, the moral character of its citizens.
Crater Lake Lodge and Paradise Inn are pictured as representative of the Arts and Crafts movement
in the Pacific Northwest (though the absence of Timberline Lodge is curious).
Ireland was as much part of the United Kingdom as Scotland was during the key 1890-1920 period of the Arts and Crafts movement
Belcher was Wilson's master, and in 1884 the chairman of the first meeting of what became the Art Workers Guild (AWG), the prime focus of the Arts and Crafts Movement
I don't know what zeitgeist prompted the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) and the Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A) to mount simultaneous exhibitions on the Arts and Crafts Movement
, and also dictated that these should overlap with an exhibition entitled 'William Morris and the Arts & Crafts' shown in Japan and Taiwan and the Van Gogh Museum's 'L'Art Nouveau: La Maison Bing'.
Wilson and his contemporaries in the Arts and Crafts movement
were aware of the physical and psychological problems of ever-increasing industrialisation (indeed, they can be regarded as some of the first Greens), but the environmental predicament had not acquired the importance it now has, and consideration of energy and materials use was not one of the conscious criteria for judging buildings as it must be today.
In December 2004, a major exhibition celebrating the Arts and Crafts movement
in Europe and America opened at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
The trouble with so much of the Arts and Crafts movement
was that for all its social idealism, it could not get much beyond making very expensive things by hand for clients who paradoxically had often made their money in industry.
As the late Roderick Gradidge (an architect who campaigned for such an exhibition for years) used volubly to insist, the Arts and Crafts movement
was one of England's greatest contributions to world civilisation.
The North East history of the Arts and Crafts movement
is being explored in a new exhibition at the Laing Art Gallery this autumn, with a particular focus on houses in the region such as National Trust properties Cragside and Wallington.