Aryan

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Ar·y·an

 (âr′ē-ən, ăr′-)
n.
1. Indo-Iranian.
2. A member of the people who spoke the parent language of the Indo-European languages. No longer in technical use.
3. A member of any people speaking an Indo-European language. No longer in technical use.
4. In Nazism and neo-Nazism, a non-Jewish Caucasian, especially one of Nordic type, supposed to be part of a master race.

[From Sanskrit ārya-, compatriot, ethnic self-designation of the Indo-Iranians of ancient India.]

Ar′y·an adj.
Word History: When most English speakers hear the word Aryan, they probably think of it as referring primarily to northern Europeans in the context of the racist theories of European physical and mental superiority espoused by the Nazis. Originally, however, the word referred to the early Indo-Iranians—the Indo-European peoples who inhabited parts of what are now Iran, Afghanistan, and India. Their tribal self-designation was a word reconstructed as *arya- or *ārya-. The first of these is the form found in Iranian, as ultimately in the name of Iran itself (from Middle Persian Ērān [šahr], "[Land] of the Iranians," from the genitive plural of Ēr, "Iranian"). The variant *ārya- is found unchanged in Sanskrit, where it referred to the upper classes of ancient Indian society. These words became known to European scholars in the 18th century. In the 1830s, Friedrich Schlegel, a German scholar who was an important early Indo-Europeanist, came up with a theory that linked the Indo-Iranian words with the German word Ehre, "honor," and older Germanic names containing the element ario-, such as the Swiss warrior Ariovistus, who was written about by Julius Caesar. Schlegel theorized that far from being just a designation of the Indo-Iranians, the word *arya- had in fact been what the Indo-Europeans called themselves, meaning something like "the honorable people." This theory, however, has since been called into question. Nevertheless, Aryan came to be synonymous with Indo-European in the writings of many Indo-Europeanists, and in this sense the term entered the general scholarly consciousness of the day. Not much later, it was proposed that the original homeland of the Indo-Europeans had been in northern Europe. From this theory, it was but a small leap to think of the Aryans as having had a northern European physiotype. While these theories were being developed, certain anti-Semitic German scholars singled out the Jews as the main non-Aryan people in Germany because of their Semitic roots. A distinction thus arose in these scholars' minds between Jews and the "true Aryan" Germans, a distinction that later furnished fodder for the racial theories of the Nazis.

Aryan

(ˈɛərɪən) or

Arian

n
1. (Peoples) (in Nazi ideology) a Caucasian of non-Jewish descent, esp of the Nordic type
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in Nazi ideology) a Caucasian of non-Jewish descent, esp of the Nordic type
3. (Peoples) a member of any of the peoples supposedly descended from the Indo-Europeans, esp a speaker of an Iranian or Indic language in ancient times
adj
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) of, relating to, or characteristic of an Aryan or Aryans
5. (Peoples) of, relating to, or characteristic of an Aryan or Aryans
adj, n
6. (Languages) archaic Indo-European
7. (Peoples) archaic Indo-European
[C19: from Sanskrit ārya of noble birth]

Ar•y•an

(ˈɛər i ən, -yən, ˈær-, ˈɑr yən)

n.
1.
a. a speaker of the languages ancestral to the Indo-Aryan or the Indo-Iranian languages.
b. (formerly) a speaker of Proto-Indo-European; an Indo-European.
3. (in Nazi doctrine) a non-Jewish Caucasian, esp. of Nordic stock.
adj.
4. of or pertaining to an Aryan or the Aryans.
5. of or pertaining to Aryan as a language group.
[1785–95; < Skt ārya of high rank (adj.), noble (n.) + -an1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Aryan - (according to Nazi doctrine) a Caucasian person of Nordic descent (and not a Jew)Aryan - (according to Nazi doctrine) a Caucasian person of Nordic descent (and not a Jew)
Caucasian, White, White person - a member of the Caucasoid race
2.Aryan - a member of the prehistoric people who spoke Proto-Indo European
primitive, primitive person - a person who belongs to an early stage of civilization
Adj.1.Aryan - of or relating to the former Indo-European people; "Indo-European migrations"
Translations
arier
arjalainenindoiranilainen
arijacarijevacarijkaarijski
AriërArischIndo-EuropeaanIndo-EuropeesIndo-Germaan
arier

Aryan

[ˈɛərɪən]
A. ADJario
B. Nario/a m/f

Aryan

nArier(in) m(f)
adjarisch

Aryan

[ˈɛərɪən] adj & nariano/a
References in classic literature ?
As the Aryans moved slowly on, to and through the Caucasus passes, and spread over Europe, new conditions of life must have resulted in the formulation of new religions.
If I call the servants they will stand fast in a crowd and lie like Aryans.
There's no end to the wonders in the house of the Aryans.
The ideology constructed by this organisation tells us that Aryans are the superior race.
The Dravidians had it all from fertile land to a flourishing civilization, while the Aryans were still in search of the land where their clan could settle down and flourish.
He told reporters that the ancient people of Uttarbandaana Shamkala Yaguna Yogipura Nagasaki were travelling on flying machines, using nuclear-powered vacuum-cleaners and using Twitter, Facebook and Instagram, millions of years before fake white Aryans of Europe and America re-introduced them in the 20th and 21st centuries.
THROWING his weight behind the ' Aryan Project' by Delhi University's Sanskrit department, noted American scholar David Frawley said there is a need for extensive new Vedic study while asserting that Aryans were indigenous to India.
Imphal (Manipur), June 1 ( ANI ): Kiran Bedi, India's first woman police officer recently visited Manipur capital Imphal, where she gave away scholarships to 50 students from the Aryans Group of Colleges.
Global Banking News-May 24, 2013--NIIT launches 'NIIT nGuru Math Lab' at The Aryans School, Kolkata(C)2013 ENPublishing - http://www.
In the under-15 category, Aryans will face off with Nike Boys at 8pm, Street Legend will battle against Indian School at 8.
The website included an alleged quotation from Ayatollah Khomeini asserting that Iranians are Aryans and as good as any other racial groups around the world.
Following the pattern established by the National Socialists, once they had assumed power, the Croats led by the Ustasa organization determined that Aryans were the ruling caste and passed laws to define who would be recognized as an Aryan.