sponge

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sponge

 (spŭnj)
n.
1.
a. Any of numerous aquatic, chiefly marine filter-feeding invertebrate animals of the phylum Porifera, characteristically having a porous skeleton composed of fibrous material or siliceous or calcareous spicules and often forming colonies attached to an underwater surface. Also called poriferan.
b. A piece of the absorbent skeleton of certain of these organisms, or a piece of plastic or another material that is similar in absorbency, used for cleaning, bathing, and other purposes.
2. Metal in a porous, brittle form, as after the removal of other metals in processing, used as a raw material in manufacturing.
3. A gauze pad used to absorb blood and other fluids, as in surgery or the dressing of a wound.
4. A small absorbent contraceptive pad that contains a spermicide and is placed against the cervix of the uterus before sexual intercourse.
5. Dough that has been or is being leavened.
6. A light cake, such as sponge cake.
7. Informal One who habitually depends on others for one's own maintenance.
8. Slang A person who drinks large amounts of alcohol.
v. sponged, spong·ing, spong·es
v.tr.
1. To moisten, wipe, or clean with a sponge or cloth: sponge off the table.
2. To remove or absorb with a sponge or cloth: sponge off the sweat; sponge up the mess.
3. To apply or daub with a sponge: sponge paint on the wall.
4. Informal To obtain free, as by begging or freeloading: sponge a meal.
v.intr.
1. To harvest sponges.
2. Informal To obtain something such as food or money by relying on the generosity of others: sponged off her parents.

[Middle English, from Old English, from Latin spongia, from Greek spongiā, from spongos.]

sponge

(spʌndʒ)
n
1. (Animals) any multicellular typically marine animal of the phylum Porifera, usually occurring in complex sessile colonies in which the porous body is supported by a fibrous, calcareous, or siliceous skeletal framework
2. (Textiles) a piece of the light porous highly absorbent elastic skeleton of certain sponges, used in bathing, cleaning, etc. See also spongin
3. (Textiles) any of a number of light porous elastic materials resembling a sponge
4. another word for sponger1
5. (Brewing) informal a person who indulges in heavy drinking
6. (Cookery) leavened dough, esp before kneading
7. (Cookery) short for sponge cake
8. (Cookery) Also called: sponge pudding Brit a light steamed or baked pudding, spongy in texture, made with various flavourings or fruit
9. (Elements & Compounds) porous metal produced by electrolysis or by reducing a metal compound without fusion or sintering and capable of absorbing large quantities of gas: platinum sponge.
10. a rub with a sponge
11. throw in the sponge See throw in4
vb
12. (tr; often foll by off or down) to clean (something) by wiping or rubbing with a damp or wet sponge
13. (tr; usually foll by off, away, out, etc) to remove (marks, etc) by rubbing with a damp or wet sponge or cloth
14. (when: tr, often foll by up) to absorb (liquids, esp when spilt) in the manner of a sponge
15. (often foll by: off) to get (something) from (someone) by presuming on his generosity: to sponge a meal off someone.
16. (intr; often foll by off or on) to obtain one's subsistence, welfare, etc, unjustifiably (from): he sponges off his friends.
17. (Zoology) (intr) to go collecting sponges
[Old English, from Latin spongia, from Greek]
ˈspongeˌlike adj

sponge

(spʌndʒ)

n., v. sponged, spong•ing. n.
1. any porous, aquatic, sessile animal of the phylum Porifera, having a fibrous siliceous or calcareous internal skeleton and lacking tissue organization.
2. the skeleton of certain sponges, readily absorbing water and becoming soft when wet while retaining toughness.
3. a piece of any of various absorbent materials, as a block of porous cellulose or a surgical gauze pad.
4. a person or thing that absorbs something freely.
5. a person who lives at the expense of others; sponger.
6. Informal. a drunkard.
7. a porous mass of metallic particles, as of platinum, obtained by the reduction of an oxide or purified compound at a temperature below the melting point.
8.
a. yeast-raised bread dough, esp. before kneading.
b. a light pudding made with gelatin, fruit juice, etc.
9. a disposable piece of polyurethane foam impregnated with a spermicide for insertion into the vagina as a contraceptive.
v.t.
10. to wipe or rub with or as if with a wet sponge.
11. to wipe out or efface with or as if with a sponge (often fol. by out).
12. to take up or absorb with or as if with a sponge (often fol. by up).
13. to obtain by imposing on another's good nature.
v.i.
14. to take in or soak up liquid by absorption.
15. to live at the expense of others (often fol. by on or off).
16. to gather sponges.
[before 1000; (n.) Middle English, Old English < Latin spongia, spongea < Greek spongia]
spong′er, n.

sponge

(spŭnj)
1. Any of various primitive invertebrate animals that live in the ocean and are attached to rocks or other objects. Unlike other animals, sponges have bodies with only one type of tissue and no organs. The bodies have many passages and chambers that water flows through so that food can be filtered out.
2. The soft, porous, absorbent skeleton of certain of these animals, used for bathing, cleaning, and other purposes.

sponge

  • loofah - Not a sponge but a dried tropical fruit used as a sponge.
  • sponge bath - An all-over washing of the body with a sponge or washcloth instead of taking a bath or shower.
  • bibulous - First meant "absorbent, like a sponge," and later figuratively meant "addicted to alcohol."
  • sponge - From Latin spongia, and Greek sphoggos, "water growth."

sponge


Past participle: sponged
Gerund: sponging

Imperative
sponge
sponge
Present
I sponge
you sponge
he/she/it sponges
we sponge
you sponge
they sponge
Preterite
I sponged
you sponged
he/she/it sponged
we sponged
you sponged
they sponged
Present Continuous
I am sponging
you are sponging
he/she/it is sponging
we are sponging
you are sponging
they are sponging
Present Perfect
I have sponged
you have sponged
he/she/it has sponged
we have sponged
you have sponged
they have sponged
Past Continuous
I was sponging
you were sponging
he/she/it was sponging
we were sponging
you were sponging
they were sponging
Past Perfect
I had sponged
you had sponged
he/she/it had sponged
we had sponged
you had sponged
they had sponged
Future
I will sponge
you will sponge
he/she/it will sponge
we will sponge
you will sponge
they will sponge
Future Perfect
I will have sponged
you will have sponged
he/she/it will have sponged
we will have sponged
you will have sponged
they will have sponged
Future Continuous
I will be sponging
you will be sponging
he/she/it will be sponging
we will be sponging
you will be sponging
they will be sponging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sponging
you have been sponging
he/she/it has been sponging
we have been sponging
you have been sponging
they have been sponging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sponging
you will have been sponging
he/she/it will have been sponging
we will have been sponging
you will have been sponging
they will have been sponging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sponging
you had been sponging
he/she/it had been sponging
we had been sponging
you had been sponging
they had been sponging
Conditional
I would sponge
you would sponge
he/she/it would sponge
we would sponge
you would sponge
they would sponge
Past Conditional
I would have sponged
you would have sponged
he/she/it would have sponged
we would have sponged
you would have sponged
they would have sponged
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sponge - a porous mass of interlacing fibers that forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water or any porous rubber or cellulose product similarly usedsponge - a porous mass of interlacing fibers that forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water or any porous rubber or cellulose product similarly used
absorbent, absorbent material - a material having capacity or tendency to absorb another substance
2.sponge - someone able to acquire new knowledge and skills rapidly and easily; "she soaks up foreign languages like a sponge"
assimilator, learner, scholar - someone (especially a child) who learns (as from a teacher) or takes up knowledge or beliefs
3.sponge - a follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage
follower - a person who accepts the leadership of another
4.sponge - primitive multicellular marine animal whose porous body is supported by a fibrous skeletal framework; usually occurs in sessile colonies
invertebrate - any animal lacking a backbone or notochord; the term is not used as a scientific classification
phylum Porifera, Porifera - coextensive with the subkingdom Parazoa: sponges
glass sponge - a siliceous sponge (with glassy spicules) of the class Hyalospongiae
Verb1.sponge - wipe with a sponge, so as to clean or moisten
wipe, pass over - rub with a circular motion; "wipe the blackboard"; "He passed his hands over the soft cloth"
2.sponge - ask for and get free; be a parasite
obtain - come into possession of; "How did you obtain the visa?"
freeload - live off somebody's generosity; "This young man refuses to work and is freeloading"
3.sponge - erase with a sponge; as of words on a blackboard
rub out, score out, wipe off, erase, efface - remove by or as if by rubbing or erasing; "Please erase the formula on the blackboard--it is wrong!"
4.sponge - soak up with a sponge
mop, mop up, wipe up - to wash or wipe with or as if with a mop; "Mop the hallway now"; "He mopped her forehead with a towel"
5.sponge - gather sponges, in the ocean
gather, pull together, collect, garner - assemble or get together; "gather some stones"; "pull your thoughts together"

sponge

verb swab, wipe, mop, clean, wash, rinse, sluice Gently sponge your face and body.
sponge off someone scrounge, cadge, freeload (slang), beg, bum (informal), touch (someone) for (slang), blag (slang), wheedle, sorn (Scot.), bludge (Austral. & N.Z. informal) He should just get an honest job and stop sponging off the rest of us!

sponge

noun
1. One who depends on another for support without reciprocating:
Slang: freeloader.
2. Slang. A person who is habitually drunk:
verb
Informal. To take advantage of the generosity of others:
Slang: freeload.
Translations
إسْفَنْجإسْفِنْجَةكَعْكَةٌ إسْفِنْجِيَةٌكَعْكَهمَسْح بالمِمْسَحَه
houbaomytí houboupiškotpiškotový moučníkumýt/utřít houbou
sukkerbrødskagesvampvask
spongo
pesusienipuhdistaasienisiipeilijäsiipeillä
biskvitspužva
piskótaszivacstöröl szivaccsal
spons
lifa á kostnaî annarraòurrka af meî svampiòurrka/hreinsa meî svampisvampkakasvampur
スポンジスポンジケーキ
스펀지카스텔라
spongia
biskvitasbūti išlaikytiniukempinėplauti drėgnu rankšluosčiu ir panplauti kempine ir pan
beršana ar sūkliberzt ar sūklibiskvītkūkadzīvot uz cita rēķinanoberzt ar sūkli
buretespongie
piškótový koláčšpongiaumyť špongiouumytie špongioužiť na účet
goba
sockerkaksbottentvättsvamp
เค้กที่ฟูฟองน้ำ
süngerpandispanyasırtından geçinmeksüngerle silmesüngerle silmek/temizlemek
bánh xốpmiếng bọt biển

sponge

[spʌndʒ]
A. N
1. (for washing) → esponja f
to throw in the spongedarse por vencido, tirar la toalla
2. (Culin) (also sponge cake) → bizcocho m, queque m, pastel m (LAm)
3. (Zool) → esponja f
B. VT
1. (= wash) → lavar con esponja, limpiar con esponja
2. (= scrounge) he sponged £15 off meme sacó 15 libras de gorra
C. VI (= scrounge) → dar sablazos, vivir de gorra
to sponge off or on sb (= depend on) → vivir de algn; (on occasion) → dar sablazos a algn
D. CPD sponge bag Nesponjera f
sponge cake Nbizcocho m, queque m, pastelito m (LAm)
sponge pudding Npudín m de bizcocho
sponge down VT + ADVlimpiar con esponja, lavar con esponja
sponge off
A. VT + ADVquitar con esponja
to sponge a stain offquitar una mancha con esponja
B. VI + ADVquitarse con (una) esponja
C. VI + PREP
see sponge C
sponge up VT + ADVabsorber

sponge

[ˈspʌndʒ]
n
(for washing, cleaning)éponge f
(= plant) → éponge f
(also sponge cake) → biscuit m de Savoie
vt (= clean) → nettoyer avec une éponge
vi (= scrounge) → vivre en parasite
to sponge on sb, to sponge off sb → vivre aux crochets de qn
sponge down
vt sep [+ person] → laver à l'éponge
If your child's temperature rises, sponge him down gently with tepid water → Si la température de votre enfant monte, épongez-lui doucement avec de l'eau tiède.

sponge

n
(also Zool) → Schwamm m; contraceptive sponge(empfängnisverhütendes) Schwämmchen nt ? throw in
(= sponging) to give something a sponge (floor)etw wischen; caretw waschen; wallsetw abwaschen; tableetw abwischen
(Cook, also sponge cake) → Rührkuchen m; (fatless) → Biskuit(kuchen) m; (= sponge mixture)Rührteig m, → Biskuitmasse f; jam spongeBiskuit(kuchen) mit Marmeladenfüllung
vt
(= clean)abwischen; woundabtupfen
(inf: = scrounge) → schnorren (inf)(from bei)

sponge

:
sponge bag
n (Brit) → Waschbeutel m, → Kulturbeutel m
sponge bath
n (esp US) to give somebody a spongejdn (gründlich) waschen
sponge cake
nRührkuchen m; (fatless) → Biskuit(kuchen) m
sponge-down
nkurze Wäsche; to give somebody/something a spongejdn/etw kurz abwaschen
sponge pudding
nMehlpudding m

sponge

[spʌndʒ]
1. nspugna (Culin) (also sponge cake) → pan m di Spagna
to throw in the sponge (fig) → gettare la spugna
2. vt (wash) → lavare con una spugna
to sponge a stain off → pulire una macchia con una spugna
3. vi (fam) (scrounge) → scroccare
to sponge off or on sb → vivere alle spalle di qn
sponge down vt + advlavare con una spugna

sponge

(spandʒ) noun
1. a type of sea animal, or its soft skeleton, which has many holes and is able to suck up and hold water.
2. a piece of such a skeleton or a substitute, used for washing the body etc.
3. a sponge pudding or cake. We had jam sponge for dessert.
4. an act of wiping etc with a sponge. Give the table a quick sponge over, will you?
verb
1. to wipe or clean with a sponge. She sponged the child's face.
2. to get a living, money etc (from someone else). He's been sponging off/on us for years.
ˈsponger noun
a person who lives by sponging on others.
ˈspongy adjective
soft and springy or holding water like a sponge. spongy ground.
ˈspongily adverb
ˈsponginess noun
sponge cake, sponge pudding
(a) very light cake or pudding made from flour, eggs and sugar etc.

sponge

إسْفِنْجَة, كَعْكَةٌ إسْفِنْجِيَةٌ houba, piškotový moučník sukkerbrødskage, svamp Biskuit, Schwamm μαλακό κέικ, σφουγγάρι bizcocho, esponja pesusieni, sokerikakku éponge, génoise biskvit, spužva pan di Spagna, spugna スポンジ, スポンジケーキ 스펀지, 카스텔라 gebak, spons sukkerbrød, svamp biszkopt, gąbka esponja, pão-de-ló бисквит, губка sockerkaksbotten, tvättsvamp เค้กที่ฟู, ฟองน้ำ pandispanya, sünger bánh xốp, miếng bọt biển 松软蛋糕, 海绵

sponge

n. esponja;
v. esponjar, remojar con una esponja.

sponge

n esponja