Asculum


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Related to Asculum: Asculum Picenum

As·cu·lum

 (ăs′kyə-ləm)
An ancient Roman town of southeast Italy south of present-day Foggia. Pyrrhus of Epirus defeated a Roman force here in 279 bc but suffered a heavy loss of troops.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cole then examines six key battles in which legion battled phalanx: Heraclea (280 BC), Asculum (279 BC), Beneventum (275 BC), Cynoscephalae (197 BC), Magnesia (190 BC), and Pydna (168 BC)--battles that determined the fate of the ancient world.
This happened in the battle of Asculum in 279 BC when Greek King Pyrrhus defeated a Roman army in a pitched battle at a cost of more than one third of his army.
The phrase stems from Greek King Pyrrhus of Epirus, whose army suffered great casualties in defeating the Romans at Heraclea and Asculum during the Pyrrhic War in 280-279 B.C.
at the battle of Asculum in Apulia, achieved with great losses to King Pyrrhus' elite forces.