Ashkenazi(redirected from Ashkenazim)
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Related to Ashkenazim: Mizrahi Jews
n. pl. Ash·ke·naz·im (-năz′ĭm, -nä′zĭm)
A member of the branch of European Jews, historically Yiddish-speaking, who settled in central and eastern Europe.
[Medieval Hebrew 'aškənāzî, from 'aškənaz, Germany, adoption of Hebrew 'aškənaz, name of one of Noah's grandsons and of a neighboring people, perhaps alteration of earlier *'aškûz, Scythians; akin to Akkadian ašguzai, iškuzai, from Old Persian Saka-, Skūča-.]
Ash′ke·naz′ic (-nä′zĭk) adj.
n, pl -zim (-zɪm)
1. (Peoples) (modifier) of or relating to the Jews of Germany and E Europe
2. (Peoples) a Jew of German or E European descent
3. (Languages) the pronunciation of Hebrew used by these Jews
[C19: Late Hebrew, from Hebrew Ashkenaz, the son of Gomer (Genesis 10:3; I Chronicles 1:6), a descendant of Noah through Japheth, and hence taken to be identified with the ancient Ascanians of Phrygia and, in the medieval period, the Germans]
Ash•ke•naz•i(ˌɑʃ kəˈnɑ zi)
n., pl. -naz•im (-ˈnɑ zɪm)
a Jew of central or E European origin or ancestry; a member of one of the two main branches of world Jewry distinguished from each other by liturgy, ritual, and pronunciation of Hebrew. Compare Sephardi.
[1830–40; < post-Biblical Hebrew ashkənazzīm, pl. of ashkənazzī <ashkənaz medieval Hebrew name for Germany]
A. ADJ → askenazí
B. N (Ashkenazim (pl)) [ˌæʃkəˈnɑːzɪm] → askenazí mf