Several copies of it--broken, but almost fully restorable --were found in the mid-19th century in the ruins of the palace at Nineveh of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal
By: Egypt Today staff CAIRO -- 28 May 2017: Emirati researcher Khalifa Saif Hamed El-Tenejy, gives courtesy of two thousand books in different languages to Ashurbanipal
library affiliated with Mosul University.
, describing his successful campaign against Elam, writes that it was achieved with the help of the gods Ashur and Nergal.
The mound of Kuyunjik in Mosul is the site of the palaces of King Sennacherib and his grandson Ashurbanipal
, who established the Library of Ashurbanipal
It was a powerful place under Sennacherib and Ashurbanipal
in the 17th century BC but was destroyed by Babylonia and its allies in 612 B.
Much of Kurdistan has been devastated: Sennacherib, who pulled down great palaces and temples erected by his grandfather Ashurbanipal
and now more recently by the Iran/Iraq war.
Other kings represented include Tiglath-Pileser III (744-727 BCE), Sargon II (721-705 BCE), Sennacherib (704-681 BCE), and Ashurbanipal
Its recorded history is attested in a 7th-century BC Assyrian botanical treatise compiled under Ashurbanipal
and it has been traded and used for over four millennia.
and the Library of Ashurbanipal
in Nineveh (near modern Mosul, Iraq - dating back to the seventh century B.
In 640 BC, the Elamites were defeated by Ashurbanipal
coming under the rule of the Assyrians who brought destruction upon Susa and Chogha Zanbil.
The composition of a group of neo-Assyrian architectural palace reliefs depicting the Elamite campaign of King Ashurbanipal
[seventh century BC] focuses on the decapitation of the Elamite King Teumman and his severed head, repeated again and again.
, the king of Assyria, triumphantly claimed that in order to purge the land and cleanse the kingdom of creatures, he carried away the bones of the Elamite people toward the land of Ashur, disinterred their tombs and exposed them to the bleaching rays of the Sun and even sowed the land with salt and quicklime so that for centuries both the animate and the inanimate would be left unharmed and untainted.