Upon waking, Wo'voka began to preach this gospel of renewal to his own people until eventually curious representatives from several Western and Plains nations, including the Ute, Shoshoni, Washo, Mohave, Cohonino, Pai, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Assiniboin
, Gros Ventre, Mandan, Arikara, Pawnee, Caddo, Kichai, Wichita, Kiowa, Comanche, Delaware, Oto, and Western Lakota (Kehoe 8), came to Walker Lake to learn about the new ritual and seek teachings from Wo'voka, now popularly known as the Messiah.
Most moccasin tongues among various Dakota / Lakota tribes, Assiniboin
, and Atsina were undecorated.
The Man Who Dreamed of Elk-Dogs & Other Stories from the Tipi" is a collection of 23 traditional stories from traditions of the Blackfoot, Lakota, Assiniboin
, Pawnee, Winnebago, Omaha, Hidatsa, and Cheyenne nations.
Here Ewers presents 15 essays and articles about the Plains Indian traditions he found particularly fascinating, including images of the white man in nineteenth century Plains Indian art, the emergence of the named Indian artists in the American west, images of bears, weasels, water monsters, and Spanish cattle in Plains art, Blackfeet picture writing, effigy pipes, pipes for Presidents, Assiniboin
antelope-horn headdresses, and collaborations between Plains artists and anthropologists.
There is a chapter on Blackfeet picture writing, a special chapter on pipes for the presidents, and also a chapter on Assiniboin
antelope-horn headdresses, with detailed color and black and white photos.
Nowhere is that more evident in this anthology than in the fact that few if any readers will be able to read every poem in the book - not just because it is voluminous but because the poems come from at least a half-dozen languages of the region, including English, Spanish, Navajo, Salish, Assiniboin
In some active languages there is even a third paradigm (or set of person markers) for involuntary actions like verbs of perception and mental states (verba sentiendi et affectuum) or 'laugh', 'sleep' and the like (this is found, for instance, in Assiniboin
(Sioux family, Sioux phyle)).
The following American Indian tribes were represented as listed by the students: Arapaho, Blackfeet, Chippewa/Cree, Colville, Coeur d'Alene, Cree, Crow, Fort Peck Assiniboin
, Hidatsa/Chippewa, Hopi, Lakota, Lummi, Makah, Navajo, Nez Perce, Northern Cheyenne, Salish-Kootenai, Sioux, Walla Walla, and Yup'ik.
Throughout, we see Blackfoot, Cree, Assiniboin
, and Metis in conflict with the newcomers and with each other, but they dominate rather than play bit parts in the rugged and still-wild terrain of Trafford's novel.
The confluence was an ideal location for a trading post, attracting many American Indian tribes from the surrounding areas, including the Assiniboin
, Crow, Mandan, Hidatsa, Chippewa, and Sioux.