, classicists, ancient historians, and historians of science and religion explore the almost 1,000 clay tablets on which Babylonian scholars recorded celestial and terrestrial events for at least 500 years from the early sixth to the middle-first centuries BCE.
The latter is also affirmed by Anne Draffkorn Kilmer, who states that most Assyriologists
"find some of the musicological arguments difficult to digest" (p.
trace the origins of money to Mesopotamian temples and palaces, which developed an elaborate system of internal accounting of credits and debts (Hudson, 2003).
Compounding the confusion of the racist commentators is their unfamiliarity with dramatic discoveries in the arts and humanities, where an international legion of scholars in philology and archaeology--Egyptologists; Sanskritists; and Assyriologists
; specialists in South Asian, East Asian, Southeast Asian, American, and African languages; and above all Islamicists--gave dignity to the past of the world's cultures.
At the beginning, the study and interpretation of many documents of that period was difficult because of the language, that had been translated by experts and assyriologists
. Other challenge, still present in today's research, is the verification of date and authenticity of the many tablets with cuneiform inscriptions that are in the collections of several museums around the world (Zink & Porto 2005).
Several decades ago the assyriologists
Edith Porada and Briggs Buchanan recognized this seal design as astronomical, pointing out that the Goat and the Lion-Griffin were neighboring Sumerian constellations, occupying the stars of Lyra and Cygnus-Cepheus, respectively.
Seemingly, the stonecutter who incised the Monolith Inscription was not at the top of his profession, for modern Assyriologists
with their own more precise mastery of Akkadian cuneiform have detected some fifty linguistic and orthographic errors in the text, ten of them in this campaign of the year 853.
He includes texts that discuss "...provisioning systems, chronology, terminologies, and land redistribution...[hoping] that this combination satisfies the interest of both historians and Assyriologists
." Distributed in North America by The David Brown Book Co.
But there is a massive consensus among Old Testament scholars and Assyriologists
that the genealogies in the early chapters of Genesis (4, 5, 10, and 11) are no more historical than the narratives they intersperse.
, and one scholar of Greek compare Babylonian medicine with other contemporary systems of medicine in the region, explore the relationships between magic and medicine, and examine the social role of medicine and therapy within Babylonian society.
This text-based approach to antiquity meant that Assyriologists
were only interested in participating in excavations if they thought there was a chance of unearthing an archive of tablets.