The studies geographic limits end at the Aswan High Dam
; however, the GERD will have an impact on the Egyptian share of water and fisheries behind the Aswan High Dam
that will not be taken into consideration, according to Noureddine.
It became obsolete after building Aswan High Dam
(AHD) in 1971, and was then abandoned and handed over to Sudan.
Nubians have long struggled to reside on the banks of the River Nile after their ancestors' land was inundated by Lake Nasser, which was created by the Aswan High Dam
between 1958 and 1970.
In 2015, German Ambassador in Cairo HansjE[micro]rg Haber pointed out that Germany agreed to allocate a development cooperation package of Ia100m to Egypt to implement projects in renewable energy, water and irrigation, in addition to the rehabilitation of a number of power plants in the Aswan High Dam
The largest such project on the Nile since the Aswan high dam
was built in southern Egypt in the 1960s, it is being developed by China's CCMD consortium with the assistance of European companies including France's Alstom SA.
Decree 9: A recommendation to review additional compensation for people displaced following the construction of the Aswan High Dam
It is also the first serious national project carried out by Egypt since the building of the Aswan High Dam
due to its national value and positive impact on the Egyptian economy in general, in addition to its contributions in operating labour and combatting unemployment.
"Along the Nile valley between the Aswan High Dam
and Cairo, there are 43 towns and approximately 2,500 villages, with a total population exceeding 20 million; all of them discharge their waste water and untreated sewage in the Nile," the report added.
Several of the communities were established after the government forced entire villages to move during the flooding necessary for the construction of the Aswan High Dam
, while other residents of the now underwater villages were relocated to Cairo.
The report also mentioned that the present hydrological and reservoir simulation study shows detrimental impacts on Egypt's water demand and the Aswan High Dam
's hydropower generation.
In 1968, the temples had to be relocated for fear of flooding caused the Aswan High Dam
. They were moved to an artificial hill to be high above the water's reach.
Abdel Moteleb added that studies of the dam conducted by Egypt demonstrated that it would not have an effect on the volume of water flowing to Lake Nasser, south of the Aswan High Dam