Cerebral palsy can be categorized into spastic, athetoid
, ataxic, low tone and mixed4.
The extensor tone is increased in the athetoid
and spastic CP child with retained tonic labyrinthine reflex.20 This study aimed at inhibiting the extensor tone posture and retained TLR with the help of proper positioning in hammock and the CP chair.
CP is commonly classified as spastic (causing muscle weakness or stiffness--may be hemiplegia, diplegia, quadraplegia), athetoid
(affecting muscle tone and causing involuntary spasms), ataxic (affecting balance and co-ordination) or mixed (combination of the above).
The teenager was diagnosed with severe athetoid
cerebral palsy, which has left him unable to walk, with limited mobility, learning difficulties and needing 24-hour care.
Bilirubin-related neurotoxicity can result in neonatal death or multisystem acute manifestations and long-term impairments, including irreversible athetoid
cerebral palsy (CP) and speech, visuomotor, auditory, and other sensory-processing disabilities [21-23].
Chronic cerebellar stimulation applied to the superomedial cortex has been used to reduce generalized cerebral spasticity, athetoid
movements, and seizures .
Jaundice turns the child's skin yellow and could lead to brain damage or athetoid
cerebral palsy and hearing loss.
 TD is characterized by abnormal and involuntary movements (such as choreiform, athetoid
and rhythmic) on orofacial, extremities, or even truncal region.
[writhing] or choreiform [jerking] movements (lasting at least a few weeks) generally of the tongue, lower face and jaw, and extremities (but sometimes involving the pharyngeal, diaphragmatic, trunk muscles) developing in association with the use of a neuroleptic medication for at least a few months.
writhing of the trunk, arms and legs - worse distally and with eyes closed, disappearing while asleep; an ataxic, wide-based gait with left foot drop (power 2/5); a complete right peripheral facial nerve palsy; right-sided fixed-flexion deformity of the first, third and fourth digits and fixed extension of the wrist (Figure 1); anaesthesia of the lower limbs to the level of the mid-tibia, with preservation of sensation on the dorsum of the right foot and loss of proprioception and vibration in the upper limbs to the elbow and in the left lower limb to the knee.
Clinical manifestations of hypomagnesemia are carpopedal spasm, muscle cramp, muscle weakness, tremor, convulsions, athetoid
movements, and cardiac abnormalities including atrial tachycardia, fibrillation, and supraventricular arrhythmia (1,2).