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A semiautonomous region and former sultanate of northwest Sumatra, Indonesia. The first part of Indonesia to convert to Islam (c. 13th century), Aceh was the site of a secessionist insurgency from the 1970s until the signing of a peace agreement with the national government in 2005. In 2004, Aceh was devastated by a severe tsunami that killed over 100,000 people.

A′ceh·nese′ (-nēz′, -nēs′) n. & adj.


(Placename) an autonomous region of N Indonesia, in N Sumatra; mountainous with rain forests; scene of separatist conflict since the later 1990s; coastal areas suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Capital: Banda Aceh. Pop: 3 930 905 (2000). Area: 55 392 sq km (21 381 sq miles)
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We were on our way to Atjeh, where there was war; but the vessel ran on a sandbank, and we had to land in Delli.
All the most fanatical musulman attended this mosque, heard weekly report on Atjeh affairs from one of the agents of Sayyid Muhammad al-Sagoff and offered prayers for the success of Atjehness arms" (Reid, 1994).
The most important thing for me is that I can carry on with my daily business as usual,'' Razi said while serving customers at Pasar Atjeh, the provincial capital's main market in the heart of the city.