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A semiautonomous region and former sultanate of northwest Sumatra, Indonesia. The first part of Indonesia to convert to Islam (c. 13th century), Aceh was the site of a secessionist insurgency from the 1970s until the signing of a peace agreement with the national government in 2005. In 2004, Aceh was devastated by a severe tsunami that killed over 100,000 people.

A′ceh·nese′ (-nēz′, -nēs′) n. & adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) an autonomous region of N Indonesia, in N Sumatra; mountainous with rain forests; scene of separatist conflict since the later 1990s; coastal areas suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Capital: Banda Aceh. Pop: 3 930 905 (2000). Area: 55 392 sq km (21 381 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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"We were on our way to Atjeh, where there was war; but the vessel ran on a sandbank, and we had to land in Delli.
The most wellknown examples of such bloody social revolutions were Atjeh, North Sumatra, North Coast Java, Banten and Surakarta in 1945 and 1946, and the Madiun Uprising in 1948.
(76) Snouck Hurgronje, 'Een Mekkaansch Gezantschap naar Atjeh in 1683', Bijdragen Taal-, land-en Volkenkunde, 1, 37 (1888): 553-4.
"All the most fanatical musulman attended this mosque, heard weekly report on Atjeh affairs from one of the agents of Sayyid Muhammad al-Sagoff and offered prayers for the success of Atjehness arms" (Reid, 1994).
Located on the northern tip of Sumatra, the Sultanate of Aceh (also known as Atjeh) was ruled by Sultan Muhamad Daud, who, realizing that the Dutch intended to conquer the region, had purchased modern rifles from English and American dealers in Singapore and hired European mercenaries to train his army.
''The most important thing for me is that I can carry on with my daily business as usual,'' Razi said while serving customers at Pasar Atjeh, the provincial capital's main market in the heart of the city.
Another historical example of the use of suicide attacks is found among Muslim communities in Asia during the eighteenth, nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, particularly on the Malabar coast of Southwestern India, in Atjeh in Northern Sumatra, and in Mindanao and Sulu in the Southern Philippines.
Boxer, 'A Note on Portuguese Reactions to the Revival of the Red Sea Spice Trade and the Rise of Atjeh, 1540-1600', Journal of Southeast Asian History, 10 (1969), 415-28 (pp.
Other articles treat such diverse topics as shifting drug policies in the Netherlands, the Dutch East Indies Red Cross and its treatment of native inhabitants during the first Atjeh expeditions, and the unique qualities of military psychiatry in the modern era.
Teensma, "An Unknown Portuguese Text on Sumatra from 1582," Bidragen tot de Taal-, Land, en Volkenkunde 145, 2-3 (1989): 312, 316; Denys Lombard, Le Sultanat D'Atjeh au Temps d'Iskandar Muda (Paris, 1967), 63-5 and n.
He went on to praise Renchong Atjeh (Acehnese Dagger), a film focusing on Acehnese seafarers in the Melaka Straits, who were often wrongly portrayed as pirates or robbers.