logical atomism

(redirected from Atomic fact)

logical atomism

n.
A philosophy asserting that the philosophical analysis of language ultimately terminates in atoms of meaning that correspond to the basic elements of reality.

logical atomism

n
(Philosophy) the philosophical theory of Bertrand Russell and the early Wittgenstein which held that all meaningful expressions must be analysable into atomic elements which refer directly to atomic elements of the real world
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References in periodicals archive ?
(iii) It preserves the idea that the constituents of the sentence are isomorphic to the constituents of the atomic fact that makes a use of it true.
Logical analysis of an atomic fact yields atoms or simples.
I believe it is the atomic hypothesis (or the atomic fact, or whatever you wish to call it) that all things are made of atoms--little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another.
Stern accepts the traditional interpretation of the picture theory: an elementary proposition portrays reality by having its simple names related in the same way as the simple objects in the referred to atomic fact (39).
In Bergmann's ontological standardisation of the atomic fact that a is F, a and F form a dyad to which the function of exemplifications clings.
What existed were "states of affairs" (Sachverhalten); these could be analysed into atomic facts (Tatsachen).
The Tractarian notion of an object is categorially indeterminate: in contrast with both Frege's and Russell's practices, it is not the logician's task to give a specific categorial account of the internal structure of elementary propositions or atomic facts, nor, correlatively, to give an account of the forms of simple objects.
Consider, for example, the most recent work of David Foster Wallace, a true third generationist and author - so far - of a novel, The Broom of the System (1987), structured around the prinzip of Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921) that all fassion of atomic facts begins and ends at ground zero-degree; a collection of fictional pieces both long and short, titled Girl with Curious Hair (1989); a book on African-American street music done in collaboration with Mark Costello, Signifying Rappers (1990); and some as-yet uncollected stories, including the different and really quite remarkable "Order and Flux in Northampton," published in Bradford Morrow's Conjunctions in its tenth anniversary issue in 1991 (no.
At first, Dewey declined to write the piece on the grounds that logical positivists 'subscribed to the belief in atomic facts or atomic propositions, and since Dewey did not think there are such things, he could not readily contribute to the Encyclopedia' (Corliss Lamont, ed., Dialogue on John Dewey, New York: Horizon Press 1959, 12).
However, facts (Tatsachen) in the Tractatus are by no means "mental appropriations." They are objective copresences of atomic facts (Sachverhalten), which are in turn objective ensembles of mind-independent simple objects.

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