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A nonmagnetic solid solution of iron and another alloying element, usually assumed to be carbon unless otherwise specified, used in making corrosion-resistant steel.

[After Sir William Chandler Roberts- Austen (1843-1902), British metallurgist.]

aus′ten·it′ic (-ĭt′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Metallurgy) a solid solution of carbon in face-centred-cubic gamma iron, usually existing above 723°C
2. (Metallurgy) the gamma phase of iron, stabilized at low temperatures by the addition of such elements as nickel
[C20: named after Sir William C. Roberts-Austen (1843–1902), English metallurgist]
austenitic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈɔ stəˌnaɪt)

a nonmagnetic solid solution of carbon or iron carbide in iron, an essential component of high-carbon stainless steels.
[1900–05; after Sir W. C. Roberts-Austen (1843–1902), English metallurgist; see -ite1]
aus`ten•it′ic (-ˈnɪt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.austenite - a solid solution of ferric carbide or carbon in iron; cools to form pearlite or martensite
gamma iron - a nonmagnetic allotrope of iron that is the basis of austenite; stable between 906 and 1403 degrees centigrade
austenitic steel - steel that has enough nickel and chromium or manganese to retain austenite at atmospheric temperatures
primary solid solution, solid solution - a homogeneous solid that can exist over a range of component chemicals; a constituent of alloys that is formed when atoms of an element are incorporated into the crystals of a metal
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
For this purpose, the samples were tempered after austenitizing at 900oC and quenching in the oil at 6 temperatures of 150, 250, 350, 450, 550 and 650 oC for an hour.
We showed in our previous study [30] that the heat treatment process parameters, such as the austenitizing temperature and cooling rate, especially the latter, greatly affect the microstructure and mechanical properties.
A portion of the specimens were normalized by austenitizing at 930[degrees] C for 60 minutes followed by air cooling till the ambient temperature.
The Q&P process comprised heating to an austenitizing temperature (TA) of 850[degrees]C, soaking for 100 or 300 seconds (sequences 1, 2 and sequence 3) and quenching to QT at 16[degrees]C/s (sequence 1) or 1[degrees]C/s (sequences 2 and 3).
Nutec Bickley showcased its industrial furnaces for austenitizing, tempering, stress relieving, heat treating, agin, homogenizing, normalizing and curing.--Nutec Bickley
Steel Austenitizing Tempering (oil quench) 1.2379 1050[degrees]C for 30 mm 550[degrees]C for 2 h (x2) Steel HRC [[sigma].sup.R] [K.sub.IC] [MPa] [1] [Mpa x [m.sup.1/2]] 1.2379 60-62 2847 [+ or -] 96 28
The fluctuation in temperature range from lower transformation temperature to austenitizing temperature increases the importance of material selection and the significance of subsequent fabrication, welding and heat treatment.
Eleven appendixes provide information on conversions, austenitizing temperatures, temper colors, physical properties of steels, and more.
Using a solution of molten salt, the coating is grown at the austenitizing temperature of steel, 1800[degrees] F.