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A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.

au′to·so′mal (-sō′məl) adj.
au′to·so′mal·ly adv.


(Genetics) any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
ˌautoˈsomal adj


(ˈɔ təˌsoʊm)

any chromosome other than a sex chromosome.
au`to•so′mal, adj.
au`to•so′mal•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.autosome - any chromosome that is not a sex chromosomeautosome - any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; appear in pairs in body cells but as single chromosomes in spermatozoa
chromosome - a threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order; "humans have 22 chromosome pairs plus two sex chromosomes"
References in periodicals archive ?
Argentineans have a large incidence of European genetic heritage in their Y-chromosomal and autosomal DNA, but [approximately equal to] 50% of their mitochondrial gene pool is of Native American ancestry (9).
Most of the previous studies looked at autosomal DNA, mitochondrial DNA, or the Y chromosome, and we were able to look at all three," Shannon says.

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