Among their topics are between philosophical optimism and fideistic scepticism: an overview of medieval Jewish philosophy, scepticism at the service of revelation: preliminary observations on logic and epistemology in Judah Halevi's Kuzari, the passion for metaphysics in Maimonides' thought, scepticism and anti-scepticism: the case of Maimonides, the sceptical exegesis of Maimonides and his followers, and the origin of the world: an anti-sceptical approach in medieval Jewish Averroism
. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
Well before the growth of so-called Latin Averroism
, there was also a Latin Avicennianism for which a neoplatonised Aristode suggested to some Arts professors the possibility of a specifically philosophical beatitude.
was among the direst of heresies, founded on the idea of the Possible Intellect, shared by all humanity, allowing us all to think the identical thought when we think a rational truth, such as a mathematical fact.
was a central problem in the Parisian reading of Aristotle (see Torrell, 191-94).
Carew recalls that "Averroes' name became so closely linked with Aristotelian philosophy that whole schools of philosophy were set up in Paris, Padua, and Bologna, to spread 'Averroism
1420-1499), the key figure of Averroism
in fifteenth-century Padua.
Monopsychism, or the thesis of the unity of the intellect, associated especially with the so-called 'second Averroism
', states that there exists one separate (from the bodies) intellect for all humans as a guarantee of the universality of knowledge.
It resembles what we might call a "revised Averroism
": a distinction between the few and the many intended not to protect the faith of the many, but to suborn it altogether.
He also steers clear of the heterodoxy of Averroism
which would replace individual intellects with a created universal intellectus agens.
In fact, Averroism
(following Ibn Rushd) was the dominant influence in Western thought from the thirteenth to the sixteenth centuries.
(30) Indeed, one might argue that this work of commentary, far from demonstrating an impulse to "correlational" thinking, suggests instead an "anti-correlational" historical undermining of the emergent Averroism
in the Faculty of Arts.