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or Ax·um  (äk′so͞om′)
A town of northern Ethiopia. From the first to the eighth century ad, it was the capital of an empire that controlled much of northern Ethiopia. According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem and placed in the Church of Saint Mary of Zion, where the rulers of Ethiopia were crowned.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈɑːksʊm) or


(Placename) an ancient town in N Ethiopia, in the Tigre region: capital of the Aksumite Empire (1st to 6th centuries ad). According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


or Ax•um

(ˈɑk sʊm)

a town in N Ethiopia: the capital of an ancient kingdom 1st to c7th centuries b.c.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Throughout the past centuries, the Eritrean people have risen up with unity and determination against the attempts of attack on the Eritrean border made by the Axumite Kingdom (Ethiopia)." (52)
These ideographs, which in turn depend on existing historical and cultural repertoires, speak of Ethiopia's lost age of glory, of Axumite civilization and the cradle of humanity, of the victories of its kings over European colonial powers, and other hegemonic articulations of Ethiopian history, each brimming with associations and implications.
Early followers who had been forced to flee Arabia were offered protection by the Axumite rulers, the dominant power in the northern highlands (Pankhurst, 2001).
(34) The rise of Roman power in the Mediterranean during the first century bce brought its traders in contact with merchants from the port of Adulis of the Axumite kingdom (encompassing present-day Eritrea and the northern parts of Ethiopia) and other centres along the Somali coast to Socotra before they set course for Indian ports.
For your writer's remark on ideological similarity between Ethiopia and those lost kingdoms, what I can say is, the common thing they had was a strong rivalry to control the lucrative trade routes, and which in due time led to the ancient Ethiopians' (Axumite Kingdom) triumphant march to Meroe.
Thus the survey, which is well presented, includes the Coptic Church in Egypt, the Nubian Church in medieval Sudan and the Ethiopian one, beginning with the Axumite Kingdom.
At the National Museum we admired Ethiopian artworks, pre-historic fossils and archeological findings from the Axumite period.
The followers of Mohammed, in danger of persecution by the local authorities in Arabia, took refuge in the Axumite kingdom of the Ethiopian highlands.
Farther south, Ethiopia was Christianized in the fourth century when the Axumite King Ezana adopted the Christianity of his childhood tutor, a Syrian Christian named Frumentius.
"The Axumite Kingdom: A Settlement Archaeological Perspective,"