Aksum

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Ak·sum

or Ax·um  (äk′so͞om′)
A town of northern Ethiopia. From the first to the eighth century ad, it was the capital of an empire that controlled much of northern Ethiopia. According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem and placed in the Church of Saint Mary of Zion, where the rulers of Ethiopia were crowned.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Aksum

(ˈɑːksʊm) or

Axum

n
(Placename) an ancient town in N Ethiopia, in the Tigre region: capital of the Aksumite Empire (1st to 6th centuries ad). According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Ak•sum

or Ax•um

(ˈɑk sʊm)

n.
a town in N Ethiopia: the capital of an ancient kingdom 1st to c7th centuries b.c.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mention of Axumites and Blemmyes in both Heliodorus and Ephiphanius needs to be placed in the context of a well-documented and profound shift in power relations in ancient Nubia following Roman disengagement from the region under the emperor Diocletian in 298.
Constantius also banned the ships of any delegation to the Axumites or Himyarites from docking in Alexandria (Cod.
A 'great migration of peoples called Noba' in the south-west, now known as Kordofan, took place in eastward and northward directions; together with the invasion of the Axumites (2) this led to the final fall of Meroe by the middle of the 4th century.
3.2 The theory of invasions (by Noba, Nobadai, Axumites), promoted or accepted--to different degrees--by Kirwan, Burstein, Torok, Welsby and even Adams has been strongly criticized, if not outright rejected by Lenoble and Sharif and recently by Edwards, who have denied the concept of a destruction of Meroe ('End of Meroe') as a result of invasions.
The modern ideology of the Ethiopian state evolved from what was once the Axumite Kingdom of Abyssinia, which Africanized descendants of Arab settlers formed in the first century AD (Michels, 1991).